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16-20 Shrewsbury Street

16, Shrewsbury, City of Stratford, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1985/05/27

Of note is the three storey addition.; Paul Dubniak, 2008
North Elevation, 16-20 Shrewsbury Street
Of note is the balcony and veranda including pediment and dentils.; Paul Dubniak, 2008
Facade, 16-20 Shrewsbury Street
Of note is the mansard roof and dormer.; Paul Dubniak, 2008.
Facade, 16-20 Shrewsbury Street

Other Name(s)

16-20 Shrewsbury Street
Windermere Dry Hot Air Hospital
Windermere Sanitorium
Rescue Home

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2010/02/18

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

16-20 Shrewsbury Street is located on the west side of Shrewsbury Street, south of St. David Street in the City of Stratford. The two-and-a-half-storey buff brick residence was constructed in 1871 with a three storey buff brick addition built in 1882.

The property was designated by the City of Stratford in 1985 for its heritage value under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (By-law 79-85).

Heritage Value

Constructed in 1871, with a significant addition in 1882, 16-20 Shrewsbury Street is a good example of the Italianate and Second Empire architectural styles. The southern portion was originally a two-and-a-half-storey residence built by John Holmes in the Italianate style with storm porch and veranda. Typical of this style are the projecting eaves, large ornamental brackets and hip roof.

In 1882 a large three storey addition in the Empire style was added to the north elevation of the residence. Built in the same buff brick as the main house, the addition features a mansard roof with dormers. The buff brick is highlighted with quoins and the original two-over-two sash windows feature arched radiating voussoirs.

16-20 Shrewsbury Street is also significant for its association with the history of medicine in Stratford. In 1899, Chicago chemist T. Willard Ready converted the building into the Windermere Dry Air Hospital to treat those with rheumatism. After creditor issues forced Ready to sell, Canadian artist and hypnotist, Peter Dierlamm bought the hospital. 16-20 Shrewsbury Street remained a hospital until it was divided into two houses in 1908.

Source: City of Stratford, By-law 79-85.

Character-Defining Elements

Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of the original 1871 residence of 16-20 Shrewsbury Street include its:
- two-and-a-half-storey buff brick exterior
- hip roof
- projecting eaves
- ornamental brackets
- storm porch and veranda including pediment and dentils
- two-over-two sash windows
- quoins
- arched radiating voussoirs

Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of the 1882 addition of 16-20 Shrewsbury Street include its:
- three storey buff brick exterior
- mansard roof with dormers
- balcony and veranda
- large paired ornamental brackets
- quoins
- two-over-two sash windows
- arched radiating voussoirs




Recognition Authority

Local Governments (ON)

Recognition Statute

Ontario Heritage Act

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1882/01/01 to 1882/01/01
1908/01/01 to 1908/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type


Multiple Dwelling


Single Dwelling
Health and Research
Hospital or Other Health Care Institution

Architect / Designer



John Holmes

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of Stratford Office of the City Clerk Administrator 1 Wellington Street Stratford, ON N5A6W1

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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