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Robert and Mary Cheyne Residence

435 Third Street, New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2000/12/11

Exterior view of the Robert and Mary Cheyne Residence; City of New Westminster, 2008
Front elevation, 2008
Historic view of the Robert and Mary Cheyne Residence; New Westminster Museum & Archives IHP 0056
Front elevation, no date
No Image

Other Name(s)

Robert and Mary Cheyne Residence
R.H. Cheyne House

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2010/04/15

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Robert & Mary Cheyne Residence is situated at the corner of Third and Elgin Streets, in the historic Queen’s Park neighbourhood in New Westminster. It is a two-storey, wood-frame Arts and Crafts-style residence with complex multi-pitched rooflines, wraparound verandah at the front, and stained and leaded glass windows.

Heritage Value

Constructed in 1912, the Robert & Mary Cheyne Residence illustrates the Edwardian-era development of the Queen’s Park neighbourhood. The historic character of Queen’s Park is based on its consistent streetscapes of fine restored homes, augmented by mature landscaping.

The Robert & Mary Cheyne Residence is also significant as a sophisticated example of the influence of the Arts and Crafts Movement on residential architecture. The generous proportions, wide verandah and large windows were considered to be very modern features, that opened up the exterior of the house to nature. The construction cost of $3,200 reflected the superior quality of craftsmanship and materials. It was built for Robert Hodgson Cheyne (1868-1960) and his wife Mary (née Macdonald, 1873-1962). Toronto-born Cheyne was employed as the Deputy Land Registrar in New Westminster.

Source: City of New Westminster Planning Department

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the heritage character of the Robert & Mary Cheyne Residence include its:
- prominent corner location at Third and Elgin Streets, in the historic Queen’s Park neighbourhood,
- residential form, scale and massing, as expressed by its two-storey height plus basement, gabled roofline, wraparound verandah with hipped roof and gable over entry stairs, and square projecting bays with slight bellcast flare on the front, south and rear elevations
- wood-frame construction, including narrow lapped wooden siding at the foundation level, cedar shingle siding above, and cedar shingle roofing
- Arts and Crafts detailing, such as paired heavy timber verandah columns with timber brackets above, low balustrades of dimensional lumber, shingled hoods above side elevation windows, open soffits, and exposed rafter tails
- windows, such as one-over-one double-hung wooden-sash windows in single assembly, casement windows in triple assembly with diamond-leaded transoms, fixed stained glass windows, and leaded glass window in gable peak
- tall corbelled red-brick chimney
- original wooden front door



British Columbia

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (BC)

Recognition Statute

Local Government Act, s.967

Recognition Type

Heritage Designation

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land

Function - Category and Type



Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

B. Macaulay


S.J. Kelly

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of New Westminster Planning Department

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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