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Algonquin Casino

173 Adolphus Street, St Andrews, New Brunswick, E5B, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2010/02/01

This photograph illustrates the contextual view of the casino, 2009; Town of St. Andrews
Algonquin Casino - Contextual view
This photograph illustrates the grand entry of the casino, 2009; Town of St. Andrews
Algonquin Casino - Entrance
This photograph shows the pillars and overhanging eaves of the south wing, 2009; Town of St. Andrews
Algonquin Casino - Pillars

Other Name(s)

Algonquin Casino
Van Horne Ballroom
Salle de bal Van Horne

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2010/08/16

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Built in 1913, the Algonquin Casino is a one-storey, concrete Prairie style amusement hall with a basement. It is located on the grounds of the Algonquin Hotel on Adolphus Street in the Town of St. Andrews.

Heritage Value

The Algonquin Casino is designated a Local Historic Place for its architecture, for its association with the Algonquin Hotel and for facilitating community entertainment and charitable fund raisers.

The Algonquin Casino is recognized as a good example of high-end Prairie Style architecture, popularized by Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959). The Prairie style derives from the Craftsman style and focuses more on a cottage-like feel with large veranda’s below overhanging eaves. This style is also characterized by the low hipped roof. The large overhanging eaves form the front veranda and are supported by many cylindrical pillars of various sizes. The building has a southerly wing in the same style with eaves that are supported by short cylindrical pillars on box-like bases.

The Algonquin Casino is recognized for its association with the Algonquin hotel and for being a multi-purpose facility for entertainment and for charitable fund raisers. The lower floor was divided between a billiard room and a bowling alley, while the upstairs was for dancing and was easily transferred to a dining hall, conference room or a theatre. During WWII, the casino housed charitable events for the Red Cross and other charitable organizations for the war relief effort. Today, the property is known as the Van Horne Ballroom and seats 300 people. When the Algonquin Hotel burned in 1914, the interior furnishings were removed to this building for safe keeping.

Source: Charlotte County Archives, Old Gaol, Town of St. Andrews

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Algonquin Casino include:
- low single-storey massing with lower basement level;
- window placement and proportions;
- low-pitched hipped roof;
- wide unadorned overhanging eaves forming a full-width front veranda supported by large cylindrical pillars;
- glassed-in side veranda;
- wood-framed windows throughout;
- open floor plan in upper storey with fireplace.
- south wing with short cylindrical pillars on box-like bases.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Local Historic Places Program

Recognition Type

Municipal Register of Local Historic Places

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Social Movements
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Developing Economies
Communications and Transportation

Function - Category and Type


Tourist Facility


Recreation Centre
Sports Facility or Site

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Charlotte County Archives, Old Gaol, St. Andrews, NB

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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