16855 Peace Park Drive, Surrey, British Columbia, Canada
Peace Arch Monument
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Peace Arch is the monumental concrete arch that straddles the Canada-United States border between the northbound and southbound roadways in the Central Lawn of Peace Arch Provincial Park, located in Surrey, British Columbia.
The Peace Arch is of social, cultural, and aesthetic significance, and particularly of symbolic importance, with its public message of kinship and shared ideals between the two countries.
The arch is of social value as an enduring monument known to successive generations as a thing of beauty and consequence. It is culturally significant because it represents a time when each country felt a willingness to publicly express their shared sense of friendship and openness toward the other.
The aesthetics are important for having a distinctly American character, showing elements common to institutional buildings and monuments found in that country. The American character of the Classical Revival design conveys the history of the impetus for the construction of the monument: Samuel Hill, citizen of Seattle, was the driving force behind the Good Roads Association of Washington State, and the building of the arch. The design is significant for being the work not of an American, but of the London architect H.W. Corbett, who was commissioned by Hill to design the arch on a pile foundation that was thought to be very forward-thinking in its ability to withstand the shock of an earthquake.
Currently listed on the United States National Register of Historic places, the Peace Arch has spurred advocacy groups on both sides of the border for its importance as a symbol of peace; a 75th anniversary group formed in 1995 has continued to work towards the protection and conservation of the Peace Arch.
The monument makes plain the lasting peaceful ties between the countries, by dissolving the borderline in its immediate environs. Its cross-border accessible and permeable nature embodies the openness expressed in the inscription on the Canadian side: "BRETHREN DWELLING TOGETHER IN UNITY".
Source: Ministry of Environment, BC Parks
Key elements that define the heritage character of the Peace Arch include its:
-unfenced Central Lawn surrounding the monument
-siting that straddles the two countries
-siting between north-bound and south-bound roadways
-expansive views across lawns and out to sea
-simple massive structure
-open lawn under arched opening
-American character in form and details
-flagpoles and flags of the two nations
-frieze with inspirational inscription
-inscriptions chiselled into the concrete on the plinth above the pedestals: "Children of a Common Mother" on the American side, and "Brethren Dwelling Together in Unity" on the Canadian side
-precious artifacts from the Mayflower and S.S. Beaver behind bronze plaques on interior faces of the arch
-bronze gates on interior faces of the arch over which are placed two inscriptions: "1814 Open for One Hundred Years 1914" and "May these gates never be closed"
Province of British Columbia
Park Act, s.5
Provincial Park (Establishment)
Theme - Category and Type
- Building Social and Community Life
- Social Movements
- Governing Canada
- Government and Institutions
Function - Category and Type
- Commemorative Monument
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Ministry of Environment, BC Parks
Cross-Reference to Collection