North Head Lighthouse
Phare de North Head
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Lighttower at North Head is situated on high headland that marks the entrance to Conception Bay. The structure is a modest, cast-iron tower with wide, red and white vertical stripes. The vertical emphasis of the tower is reinforced by the lack of differentiation between the base and the shaft. As such, the tower appears to rise directly from the stone on which it sits. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Lighttower, is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
The Lighttower illustrates the theme of navigational aids in Newfoundland when it was a British colony with an economy based almost entirely on the sea. Its construction also illustrates the theme of growing industrialization around the turn of the 20th century.
The Lighttower is a good example of a utilitarian structure of cast-iron construction and excellent functional design. It is one of approximately 26 lighthouses of prefabricated iron and steel construction, thought to be the only surviving examples of their type in Canada. Favoured because of their inexpensive cost, ease of erection, low maintenance requirements and long-term durability, these structures reflect the desire to achieve a design that would withstand the rigours of the Newfoundland coast.
The Lighttower reinforces the character of its maritime setting and is a familiar landmark to mariners in the region.
Joan Mattie, Six Newfoundland Lighthouse,: Green point; Heart’s Content; King’s Cove Head; Little Denier Island; North Head; Brigus; Random Head, Newfoundland, Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 89-198, 89-199, 89-200, 89-201, 89-208, 89-211; Lighthouse: North Head, Conception Bay, Brigus, Newfoundland, Heritage Character Statement, 89-208.
The character-defining elements of the Lighttower should be respected.
Its utilitarian design, and cast-iron construction, for example:
-the simple massing of the tower which consists of a smooth tubular form with no differentiation between the base and the shaft;
-the cast-iron construction system, comprised of rounded rectangular segments bolted together on the interior face;
-the lantern with its triangular-shaped glazing and cap with a ball shaped finial;
-the red and white colour scheme.
The manner in which the Lighttower reinforces the character of its maritime setting and is a familiar landmark, as evidenced by:
-its overall appearance and profile which is a dominant element in the exposed, natural environment;
-its visibility to mariners of the region which contributes to its status as a landmark.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Navigational Aid or Lighthouse
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection