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John A. Humphrey Residence

132 Mill Road, Moncton, New Brunswick, E1A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1996/09/23

By the time J. A. Humphrey died in 1895, he was one of the wealthiest people in Canada.  The design and size of the house reflect the life of a successful industrialist with a large family.; Moncton Museum
John A. Humphrey Residence - 2004
This image shows the Humphrey residence (marked in red) which was located on the southern end of the J. A. Humphrey & Son woolen mill.; Moncton Museum
J. A. Humphrey & Son woolen mill - 1931
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/11/28

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The John A. Humphrey Residence consists of a Gothic Revival-inspired 2 ½-story dwelling with attached barn located on the west side of Mill Rd. in Moncton, just south of the former J. A. Humphrey & Son Limited factory.

Heritage Value

The John A. Humphrey Residence was designated for its Gothic Revival architecture and its level of preservation. It was constructed c1871 when John A. Humphrey moved to the area, which at the time was on the outskirts of Moncton, to get into the textiles business. This dwelling’s steeply pitched roof and gable dormers, along with its hexagonal bell-shaped tower give verticality to the overall structure. The use of brackets, bargeboard, bay windows and dormers that break the cornice are distinctive elements of the Gothic Revival style. The John A. Humphrey Residence was also designated for its association with John A. Humphrey, one of Moncton’s most successful industrialists, and his son and business partner, William. F. Humphrey. J. A. Humphrey’s success as a businessman and employer in the textiles industry resulted in his being one of the wealthiest people in Canada at the time of his death in 1895. He had also served four terms in the New Brunswick Legislature. Fittingly, the area of Moncton where he and his family resided and worked is still known as Humphreys Mills. In 1996, the John A. Humphrey Residence was designated a Heritage Property through the City of Moncton Heritage Preservation By-Law #Z-1102.

Source: Moncton Museum, Moncton, New Brunswick - second floor files – “132 Mill Rd.”.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements relating to location and context include:
- located adjacent to former J. A. Humphrey & Son Limited factory.

The character-defining elements relating to the structural elements of the building include:
- asymmetrical massing;
- steeply pitched gable roof and dormers;
- cross gable;
- central entry;
- hexagon bell-shaped tower with finial;
-attached barn with shingles, returned eaves, corner boards, steeply pitched roof;

The character-defining elements relating to the exterior elements of the structure include:
- horizontal clapboard siding, corner boards and all wooden detailing;
- eaves and soffit details;
- irregular fenestration;
- window entablatures;
- square Doric pilasters;
- Roman arch fanlight transom over front door;
- Roman arch door hood with shaped label moulding and ornate brackets;
- walls extended into dormers, breaking the cornice.

The character-defining elements relating to the interior elements of the structure include:
- moulding on wooden ceiling beams;
- fireplaces and associated detailing;
- original hardwood floors;
- doors and associated trim including 15-light parlour doors, 4-panel doors and original glass door knobs;
- moulded window aprons, window trim and baseboards;
- cabinets including paired built-in cabinets with Roman arch glass panel door design;
- inset bed niches;
- spun balusters and newel posts.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Municipal Heritage Preservation Act, s.5(1)

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Preservation Act

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1996/01/01 to 1996/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Peopling the Land
Developing Economies

Function - Category and Type


Commerce / Commercial Services
Office or Office Building


Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Moncton Museum, 20 Mountain Road, Moncton, New Brunswick - second floor, back office files - filed by civic address

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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