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Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead National Historic Site of Canada

359 Blue Lake Road, St. George, Ontario, N0E, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1995/11/24

Corner view of the house; Parks Canada | Parcs Canada
Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead
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Other Name(s)

Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead National Historic Site of Canada
Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead
Homestead d'Adelaide Hunter Hoodless

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1830/01/01 to 1839/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/12/28

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead is an early nineteenth-century one-and-half storey wood-frame farmhouse located in a pastoral setting in the rural community of St. George, Ontario. The designation refers to the house on its lot.

Heritage Value

Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1995 for its concrete linkages with the contributions of Adelaide Hunter Hoodless, a champion of maternal feminism, who was instrumental in the founding of the Women’s Institute, the Young Women’s Christian Association, the National Council of Women, the Victorian Order of Nurses, and three faculties of Household Science, and because the rural situation and lack of amenities found in Hoodless’ childhood home speak eloquently to the hard labour and isolation experienced by many rural women in the mid 19th century, a situation Hoodless spent her entire life trying to alleviate.

The heritage value of Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead National Historic Site of Canada lies in its direct association with Adelaide Hunter Hoodless, particularly in its role in defining and describing the reason she became a figure of national importance. Its value is expressed by the relatively isolated setting and in its illustration of a typical farm house of mid-to-late nineteenth century Ontario. Adelaide Hunter was born in this house, and lived here until 1881 when she married successful Hamilton furniture manufacturer John Hoodless. Here, as the youngest child in a large farming family raised by a widowed mother, she experienced the hardship and isolation that attracted her to social activism. That experience, together with the loss of her youngest child 1889, inspired her determination and defined the nature of the causes she championed.

Adelaide Hunter Hoodless (1857-1910) herself was recognized by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada in 1959 as a person of national historic significance.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, November 1995.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of the site include:
- its simple rectangular massing, one-and-half storey, “Ontario cottage” plan;
- its modest scale, balanced definition and broad Georgian proportions;
- its simple vernacular details (prominent central door with overlight, returned eaves, central gable with round-headed window);
- its modest materials (wood and shingle) and frame construction,
- its centre-hall interior plan with a utilitarian disposition of space (large kitchen, slant-roofed bedrooms, first floor sick room, central hall and staircase);
- its modest interior materials and finishes (with decoration restricted to classically inspired moldings);
- archaeological remains of the Hunter Hoodless period (such as the barn, outhouses, porches on the house);
- the isolated rural location of the house, and its setting on a country road within a generous domestic plot with mature trees, lawn and a creek;
- its unobstructed viewscapes to surrounding planted farm fields.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1857/01/01 to 1881/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Social Movements
Building Social and Community Life
Education and Social Well-Being

Function - Category and Type




Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Québec J8X 0B3

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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