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Building D38

Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1991/04/24

Corner view of the Stone Frigate, Building D38.; National Archives of Canada / Archives nationales du Canada, PA-176355.
General view
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Other Name(s)

Stone Frigate
Frégate en pierre
Dockyard D38
Arsenal maritime D38
Building D38

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/04/16

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Stone Frigate, Building D38, a two-storey, gable-roofed, stone building, sits in an isolated area of the Dockyard on high ground. Two small, single-storey annexes are attached to the southern elevation, and are connected by a wooden verandah. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Stone Frigate, Building D38 is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.

Historical Value
The Stone Frigate, Building D38 is strongly associated with the operation of the Dockyard and Pacific Station. Built as barracks for the crews of ships docked at the naval yard, it was the last of the new facilities to be built under the Royal Navy’s 1895-1904 rebuilding program. It was the only purpose-built Royal Navy barracks block from the period on either coast.

Architectural Value
The Stone Frigate, Building D38 is a good example of a turn of the century purpose-built structure. It is unusual in the Dockyard as it is constructed in random coursed masonry. This, combined with its simple form, gives it a vernacular character. It exhibits very good quality craftsmanship and materials which are consistent with the designs of other Dockyard buildings from the same period.

The Environmental Value
The Stone Frigate, Building D38 is compatible with the character of the streetscape of Hospital Road and the urban environment of the Dockyard. Its design and construction provides an effective and interesting contrast to other structures in the vicinity. Stone Frigate, Building D38 is visible from many points within and outside the Dockyard. It maintains an unchanged relationship to its associated landscape.

Sources: Ian Doull, Dockyard, CFB Esquilmalt, Esquimalt, British Columbia, Federal Heritage Building Report, 89-202; Building D38 (Stone Frigate), Esquimalt Dockyard, Esquilmalt, British Columbia, Heritage Character Statement, 89-202.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Stone Frigate, Building D38 should be respected.

Its functional design and high quality craftsmanship and materials, for example:
-the simple two-storey, gable-roofed, elongated block with two small single-storey annexes attached to the southern elevation;
-the very good construction of random coursed masonry;
-the distinctive large window arrangement on the principal façade;
-the two brick chimneys which break up the long south façade and dissect alternating
pairs of windows;
-the use of brick for quoins, window and door surrounds, and other details.

The manner in which the Stone Frigate, Building D38 is compatible with the character of the streetscape on Hospital Road and within the Dockyard and is a local landmark, as evidenced by:
-its visibility entirely or in part from many points within and outside the Dockyard;
-its elongated gable-roofed form and the extensive use of brick details that is consistent with the design of the other Dockyard buildings from the same period.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type


Dock or Dry Dock


Architect / Designer

Robert Muler



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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Aerial view

Esquimalt Naval Sites National Historic Site of Canada

Esquimalt Naval Sites National Historic Site of Canada is a historic district that incorporates four important naval station sites forming a ring around Esquimalt harbour, British…


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