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78 York Street, Sackville, New Brunswick, E4L, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2005/03/14

Home of Canadian Studies ; Town of Sackville
Front view
View from York Street ; Town of Sackville
Side View
Next to Historic Hammond House; Town of Sackville
Side elevation

Other Name(s)

Centre for Canadian Studies
Centre d'études canadiennes
Henry Powell House
Maison Henry Powell
Dr. J. O. Calkin House
Maison Dr J. O. Calkin
Captain R. V. Bennett House
Maison Capitaine R. V. Bennett

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1892/01/01 to 1893/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/05/30

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Built in 1892-1893, Anchorage consists of a large ornate house. The property enhances the streetscape on York Street, adjacent to the campus of Mount Allison University in Sackville. The property includes an elaborate house and carriage house showing well-preserved elements of Queen Anne architecture.

Heritage Value

Anchorage is designated a Local Historic Place for the style of the house, and for the prominent role that the three long time owners played in the development of Sackville’s social and financial power base.

Sackville lawyer and former builder Henry Powell built Anchorage in 1892-1893 at the peak of his career as a lawyer while in Sackville. It is a house with several well-preserved elements of the Queen Anne architecture.

Dr. James R. Calkin acquired Anchorage in 1906, while practicing medicine in Sackville for over forty-two years, as well as serving as house physician at Mount Allison University. The family was very active in the social affairs of the community. Calkin served as alderman for the town and as coroner for the Sackville district.

After Calkin’s death in 1933, the property passed to wealthy retired Mariner Captain Ronald V. Bennett. A regular visitor was his brother, Viscount Richard Bedford Bennett Canadian Prime Minister from 1930 to 1935. Capt. Bennett’s name for many years was synonymous with good works, as he played a major role in the founding of the Westmorland Children’s Aid Society and in the establishing of the Sackville Memorial Hospital. At the time of his death, Capt. Bennett left his sizable estate to the University, including his Sackville house. Today, Anchorage (the Bennett House) is Mount Allison’s Centre for Canadian Studies.

Source: Town of Sackville, Historic Places Filing Cabinet, The Anchorage file

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements that describe the architecture of Anchorage include:
- three-story house with steeply pitched roof of irregular shape;
- uses wall surfaces as primary decorative elements, avoiding plain flat walls through the use of towers, overhangs, wall projections and patterned shingles;
- cornice line dentils,
- many double hung windows with the addition of two Palladian windows on first and third floor on front of house;
- handsome front door surrounded by fan transom and sidelights and overhung by circular portico;
- carriage house;

The character-defining elements that describe the interior of Anchorage include:
- handsome public rooms;
- large entrance halls;
- many guest rooms that would have been used as venues for entertaining, visiting, and hosting “at homes”.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Community Planning Act

Recognition Type

Local Register

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Social Movements
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Learning and the Arts
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type


Post-Secondary Institution


Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer



Henry Powell

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Town of Sackville, Historic Places "The Anchorage" file

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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