134 Church Street
134 Church Street, Moncton , New Brunswick, E1C, Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
134 Church Street is located on the corner of Church Street and Austin Street in Moncton. It consists of a 2-story early 20th century Arts and Crafts residence. It is part of a group of three Arts and Crafts houses.
134 Church Street is designated a Local Historic Place because it is a well-preserved example of an Arts and Crafts style residence from the turn of the 20th century. This style of architecture was much rarer than its prolific counterparts, the Colonial Four-Square and Federal styles. The shingles, the hipped gable roof and use of stone all exemplify the Arts and Crafts style.
The location and context of this residence also adds to its heritage value. When this residence was built in 1911, two similar residences with almost identical interiors were built only a few meters to the west and to the south. The land was owned and developed by Stephen O. Humphrey. These three Arts and Crafts houses, when appreciated together, create a specifically aesthetic corner unlike any other in the City of Moncton. In 1996, 134 Church Street was designated a Heritage Property through the City of Moncton Heritage Preservation By-Law #Z-1102.
Source: Moncton Museum, Moncton, New Brunswick - second floor files – “134 Church St.”
The character-defining elements relating to the exterior elements of the Arts and Crafts structure include:
- open full-width veranda with lath ceiling;
- fieldstone-faced pillars
- second story balcony;
- hipped gable dormers with wide eaves and Palladian-style windows;
- brackets and exposed rafters under wide soffits;
- curved bay windows with stained glass transoms and eyebrow roofs;
- painted shingles on upper story;
- painted rock-faced foundation stones with finished stone stringcourse and quoins;
- cement steps;
- finished stone lug sills;
- fieldstone and quoin chimney;
- rectangular windows with diamond lattice glazing;
- rectangular massing;
- fieldstone walls;
- hipped gable roof;
- entablature window headers.
The character-defining elements relating to the interior elements of the residence include:
- built-in bench below bay apron in foyer;
- built-in bookshelves;
- built-in dresser drawers;
- panel doors with original hardware;
- original woodwork;
- 2 sets of sliding pocket doors;
- original hardwood floors;
- square support pillars and pilasters under ceiling beams;
- original radiators with ornate metal shelves.
The character-defining elements relating to location and context include:
- location adjacent to 2 similar Arts and Crafts houses.
Local Governments (NB)
Municipal Heritage Preservation Act, s.5(1)
Municipal Heritage Preservation Act
1996/01/01 to 1996/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Moncton Museum, 20 Mountain Road, historic places file "134 Church St."
Cross-Reference to Collection