12237 and 12245 91A Avenue, Surrey, British Columbia, V3V, Canada
Rock Tree and Boulder
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Rock Tree is a native mature Western Red Cedar growing out of a split glacial erratic boulder that is approximately two metres by three metres in size. The Rock Tree sits within a six-metre circumference fenced preserve, close to the street and surrounded by open space, that straddles the property line between two houses in a residential development.
The Rock Tree is significant as a rare example of a large native tree growing out of a glacial erratic boulder. While it is common to find trees like this growing out of rocks in mountainous regions, it is unusual to find a tree of this size growing out of an erratic boulder within the Lower Mainland. The fact that the tree and boulder are now located within the context of a new single-family subdivision makes this tree and boulder even more unique.
Today, local First Nations people consider this tree to have spiritual signifiance and have given it the name 'Th'exsiyamia,' whose name means 'pushing forward great respected one'.
Source: Heritage Planning Files, City of Surrey
Key elements that define the heritage character of the Rock Tree include its:
- unusual configuration as a mature Western Red Cedar tree growing from a glacial erratic boulder;
- glacial erratic boulder, approximately two metres high, three metres wide and three metres deep, now split by the growth of the tree; and
- six-metre square preserve of its natural environment.
Local Governments (BC)
Local Government Act, s.954
Community Heritage Register
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Philosophy and Spirituality
Function - Category and Type
- Religion, Ritual and Funeral
- Aboriginal Sacred Site
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Heritage Planning Files, City of Surrey
Cross-Reference to Collection