Niagara National Historic Sites of Canada
Fort Mississauga National Historic Site of Canada
Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada du Niagara
Links and documents
1814/01/01 to 1840/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Fort Mississauga is a large, square, brick defensive tower set within the remains of earthworks on the shoreline of the Niagara River. On the landward side, it is surrounded by golfing greens located within the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake.
Fort Mississauga was declared a national historic site because:
- it is an important example of military construction within a military complex of national historic importance,
- completed after the War of 1812, the fort and its central tower were located in a strategic position at the mouth of the Niagara River to protect the British/Canadian side of the frontier and to serve as a counterpoise to Fort Niagara on the American side,
-it is the only remaining example in Canada of its type of fortification - a square tower within a star-shaped earthwork.
The heritage value of Fort Mississauga lies in its illustration of a rare type of military structure located in a strategic position.
Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, May 1960, October 1963, June 1994; Commemorative Integrity Statement.
Key features contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- the strategic location beside the lake at the mouth of the Niagara River,
- the square massing of the tower,
- the outline (both profile and footprint), and composition of the star-shaped earthwork,
- the defensive design elements of the tower such as the smooth non-combustible walls, elevated entry and fireproof roofing,
- the brick construction materials and skilled craftsmanship of the tower,
- the volume of the powder magazine and its bomb and fire-proof construction,
- the remains of casemates, and built landscape features including the earthworks with its glacis, ravelin, gate and sallyport,
- the spatial and functional relationships between the tower and earthworks,
- the archaeological remains of other structures such as the footprint and remnants of former buildings within the fort earthworks and the 1804 lighthouse and lightkeeper's residence,
- the viewplanes to the mouth of the Niagara River and to Fort Niagara.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
Theme - Category and Type
- Governing Canada
- Military and Defence
Function - Category and Type
- Military Defence Installation
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection
The Tower is located at the Fort Mississauga National Historic Site of Canada, near the mouth of the Niagara River overlooking Lake Ontario. Set on a flat, grassed area within the…
The two Powder Magazines are located at the Fort Mississauga National Historic Site of Canada, which overlooks the mouth of the Niagara River and Lake Ontario. Set within the…