Chin Wing Chun Society Building
158 East Pender Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6A, Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Chin Wing Chun Society Building, at 158 East Pender Street in Vancouver's Chinatown, is a narrow, four-storey brick and stucco building in the classical revival style, which houses Tong meeting rooms over a street-level store.
The Chin Wing Chun Society Building has value for being representative of buildings erected and occupied by major Tongs (surname societies) during a period of rapid growth in Chinatown, and for being an excellent example of the Chinatown style of architecture.
The Chin Wing Chun Society Building is a particularly good example of the mature Chinatown style and this is an important aspect of its heritage value. Four storeys high (with a 'cheater' mezzanine added after completion) and free of interior columns, it has retail space (in this case a restaurant) on the ground floor, offices above, and a meeting room on the top floor. The street-facing windows on the upper floors are all recessed behind balconies flush with the stucco finish. The pedimented parapet features the name of the Tong and the date of construction (1925). Like most buildings of this kind, the architect, R.A. McKenzie, was European-Canadian.
The building accommodated the Chin Wing Chun Society, the association that provided support and protection to people with the surname 'Chin', 'Chan', or 'Chen', whose ancestral birthplace was Wing Chun Village in Hunan Province. Organizational life flourished in Chinatown during the early 1920s; the number of active Tongs expanded and they assumed an important role as property owners along Pender Street. The reasons for expansion include the overall increase in Chinatown's population, fuelled by immigration from China and migration from other centres in British Columbia, an increased interest in Chinese politics within the immigrant community, and heightened discrimination from the white community.
Heritage value is also found in the significant contributions several members of the Society made to the community. An example is Chin Chuck Lin (Harry Chin), who came to Vancouver from Guangdong as a teenager in 1920, began work as a vegetable peddler, went on to flourish as a produce and floral wholesaler, and donated generously to Chinese cultural and charitable organizations through his Harry Lin Chin Foundation.
Source: City of Vancouver Heritage Conservation Program
The character-defining elements of the Chin Wing Chun Society Building include:
- Location on East Pender Street in the heart of Vancouver's Chinatown district
- Tall narrow street elevation
- Decorative elements, including twin flagpoles, raised parapet incorporating pediment with date of completion, frieze, tympanum with inset Society name, cornice and hood mould, columns, pilasters, strings, dentils and corbels.
- Recessed balconies, and the remnants of the original red colour of their floors
- The asymmetrical storefront arrangement with side stair
- The decoration in the staircase and the interior meeting hall
City of Vancouver
Vancouver Charter, s.593
Theme - Category and Type
- Building Social and Community Life
- Community Organizations
Function - Category and Type
- Social, Benevolent or Fraternal Club
- Commerce / Commercial Services
- Eating or Drinking Establishment
- Commerce / Commercial Services
- Office or Office Building
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
City of Vancouver Heritage Conservation Program
Cross-Reference to Collection