First Bampfield House
4325, Bampfield Street, Niagara Falls, Ontario, L2E, Canada
First Bampfield House
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
First Bampfield House is a two-and-a-half storey house with tall limestone block walls which sits prominently on Bampfield Street in Niagara Falls. It was named after this dwelling's first residents. Built in the Regency style, it boasts tall, arched windows with a highly structured rhythm.
First Bampfield House was designated for its heritage value by the City of Niagara Falls (By-law 8178).
The home's first owner, James Bampfield, is recognized for his contribution to the early commercial development of Niagara Falls. Upon his arrival in Niagara Falls in 1860, Bampfield had this home built by John Merral, a lumber merchant in the former town of Clifton. For many years, the building's lawns extended to River Road, and the house had a commanding view of the beautiful Niagara gorge and the United States. While used primarily as a single family dwelling, the house was also reputedly used as a brothel for many years in the early twentieth century.
This two-and-a-half storey house is a unique variant of the Regency Revival style with a perfectly square plan, tall limestone block walls and a high raised basement. This building was built shortly after the invention of dynamite, which allowed for the blasting of the limestone sub-surface to lay the foundation, built in the earth and rubble technique without mortar. The visually powerful façade faces the river with arched windows that create a highly structured rhythm around the house.
Source: Designation Report for Bampfield Residence, Planning and Development, City of Niagara Falls.
Character defining elements that reflect the heritage value of First Bampfield House include its:
- Regency Revival style home with a perfectly square plan and raised basement
- tall limestone block walls
- high raised basement built in the earth and rubble technique without mortar
- tall arched windows
Local Governments (ON)
Ontario Heritage Act
Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)
Theme - Category and Type
- Peopling the Land
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
City of Niagara Falls
Planning and Development Dept
4310 Queen Street
Niagara Falls, ON L2E 6X5
Niagara Falls Public Library
Digital Collection - Images Database
Niagara Falls ON
Cross-Reference to Collection
Niagara Falls Public Library Digital Collection - Images Database