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10126 - 100 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, T5J, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1995/01/03

Canada Permanent Building Provincial Historic Resource, Edmonton (date unknown); Provincial Archives of Alberta, A.4767
East and south elevations
Canada Permanent Building Provincial Historic Resource, Edmonton (April 2006); Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, 2006
East elevation
Canada Permanent Building Provincial Historic Resource, Edmonton (April 2006); Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, 2006
View looking southwest

Autre nom(s)

Canada Permanent Mortgage Company Building
Perma Building
Japanese Village Restaurant
Canada Permanent Trust Building

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2006/09/06

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Canada Permanent Building is a three-storey brick, stone, and reinforced concrete building situated on two lots of land in Edmonton's Downtown district. The building embodies the Edwardian Baroque architectural style and features Ionic pilasters, entablatured entrance, an open topped segmentally arched pediment, a balustraded parapet, and a variety of ornate, classical stone detailing.

Valeur patrimoniale

The heritage value of the Canada Permanent Building lies in its impressive Edwardian Baroque architecture and its association with the establishment in Edmonton of the Canada Permanent Loan Company, the oldest and largest loan institution in Canada at the time.

Designed by well-known architect Roland W. Lines, the Canada Permanent Building was erected in 1910 and remains one of the finest examples of Edwardian Baroque architecture in Edmonton. Billed as Edmonton's first "fireproof bank", the building's structural skeleton was composed of reinforced concrete framing. It was one of the earliest buildings in the city to employ this innovative construction technique. The building's exterior boasts a rich variety of classical stone detailing, including Ionic pilasters, a segmentally arched pediment, and a balustraded parapet. Carved in stone below a semi-circular pediment crowning the main entrance is the company's logo - a winged lighthouse. With its elegant facade and its brick, stone, and reinforced concrete construction, the Canada Permanent Building projected solidity, balance, and strength - desired qualities for the nation's premier loan company. The building was perceived at the time of its construction as one of Edmonton's most modern and expressive commercial structures.

The Canada Permanent Loan Company was initially established in Toronto in the late nineteenth century and would develop into one of Canada's largest and most venerable loaning institutions. Founder W. Herbert Mason traveled extensively throughout western Canada in the late nineteenth century and positioned his enterprise to capitalize on the population boom in the Prairies near the turn of the twentieth century. The first Edmonton branch of the company was established in 1901 - four years prior to the creation of the Province of Alberta - and reflected the heady optimism that compelled many financiers and entrepreneurs to locate in the community at the time. The branch became the company's provincial headquarters in Alberta and was a vital part of the local economy, serving the city and surrounding regions by providing capital for small farms, commercial ventures, and private residences.

Source: Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch (File: Des. 167)

Éléments caractéristiques

The character-defining elements of the Canada Permanent Building include such features as:
- mass, form, scale, and style;
- flat roof;
- three distinct bays separated by pilasters;
- upper level stone balustrade on east and part of south elevation featuring central date stone with Adamesque swag garland with tassels, topped by urns;
- "CANADA PERMANENT BUILDING" set in relief on front facade;
- brick parapet on south elevation;
- upper level stone cornice wrapping around east and south elevations;
- red stretcher bond brick on east and south elevations;
- east and part of south facade faced mainly with ashlar cut stone;
- square headed window openings on east elevation;
- pilasters with Ionic capitals;
- heavy second storey cornice, decorated with modillions and a central segmental pediment;
- open topped segmentally arched stone pediment above second storey;
- decorative brick and stone detailings, including voussoirs and keystones on east facade and winged lighthouse above entrance doorway;
- fenestration pattern and style, including multi-paned windows on east and south elevations;
- steel window casements;
- original interior elements, including staircase elements.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Province de l'Alberta

Loi habilitante

Historical Resources Act

Type de reconnaissance

Ressource historique provinciale

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Économies en développement
Commerce et affaires
Exprimer la vie intellectuelle et culturelle
L'architecture et l'aménagement

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction


Commerce / Services commerciaux
Établissement de restauration ou de débit de boissons


Commerce / Services commerciaux
Bureau ou édifice à bureaux

Architecte / Concepteur

Roland W. Lines


Pheasey and Batson

Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, Old St. Stephen's College, 8820 - 112 Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P8 (File: Des. 167)

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Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




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