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10139 - 116 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, T5K, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 2005/07/19

View of the front and north facades of Balfour Manor, facing 116 Street (March 2006); City of Edmonton, 2006
Front (west) and north facades
View of the rear and the north side of Balfour Manor which faces 116 Street (March 2006); City of Edmonton, 2006
East and north facades
Pas d'image

Autre nom(s)


Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2008/01/11

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

Balfour Manor is a Streamline Moderne, stucco-clad apartment building, three storeys in height at the front and two at the rear, with a full basement. It is located mid-block on 116 Street, a prominent north/south thoroughfare in the Oliver neighbourhood.

Valeur patrimoniale

Balfour Manor possesses heritage value for its historical associations with designer and builder, Joseph Napoleon Cote (1888-1951), and with the development of apartment blocks in Edmonton in the late 1930s and early 1940s. It is also significant for its elegant Streamline Moderne architectural style.

Originally built in 1912 as Fire Hall No.4, Balfour Manor was remodelled and modernized by Joseph Napoleon Cote (1888-1951) in 1939. A native of Quebec, Cote lived in Edmonton for thirty-five years and established himself as a significant local construction contractor. He relocated to Victoria, B.C. after the end of the Second World War, where he continued in the contracting business with his son, Henry Cote.

Balfour Manor is representative of the conversion of existing buildings to apartment use, prompted by the housing shortage at the time of the outbreak of the Second World War. During the first decade after its construction, Balfour Manor operated as a fire hall and accommodated horse drawn equipment. It was closed in 1921 as motorized fire equipment became standard. The fire hall was then sold and operated as a garage until Cote adapted the building for use as a ten-unit apartment in the late 1930s.

Balfour Manor is also significant for its Streamline Moderne styling. Throughout North America, the Streamline Moderne - with its aerodynamic shapes and allusions to industrial design - was the commercial style of choice, reflected in everything from radio cabinets to ocean liners. It replaced the more elaborate ornamentation of the Art Deco style, heralding a new machine age and reflecting the austerity of the Great Depression.

Source: City of Edmonton (Bylaw: 13979)

Éléments caractéristiques

Key elements that define the heritage character of Balfour Manor include its:
- mid-block location;
- continuous use as an apartment block since its conversion in 1939;
- form, scale and massing, as expressed by its symmetrical design, rectangular plan and flat roof;
- elements of the Streamline Moderne style, such as rounded front parapets, streamlined banding, curved entry elements and horizontal speed lines on the front facade;
- fenestration, including multi-paned double-hung wooden sash windows in triple assembly on the front facade;
- original coal room and boiler, dating to its use as a fire hall;
- surviving interior features dating from the conversion to apartments, such as kitchenettes, hardwood floors, bathroom fixtures, light fixtures, original stairs and balustrades.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (Alb.)

Loi habilitante

Historical Resources Act

Type de reconnaissance

Ressource historique municipal

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes

1939/01/01 à 1939/01/01

Thème - catégorie et type

Un territoire à peupler
Les établissements

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction



Édifice à logements multiples

Architecte / Concepteur



Joseph Napoleon Cote

Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

City of Edmonton, Planning and Development Department, 10250 - 101 Street, Edmonton, AB T5J 3P4 (File: 1074527)

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




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