Border Crossing Facility
Customs / Immigration Building
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Border Crossing Facility is located in the village of Beebe. It is a one-and-a-half storey, gable-roofed building designed in the Tudor-Revival style. Its picturesque form is embellished with gables, white stucco and half-timbering. Multi-pane wood windows are regularly arranged on the building’s façades and a brick chimney projects from the roof. A flat-roofed breezeway, which shelters the entrance, is attached to the building to protect the vehicles that pass through the border crossing. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Border Crossing Facility is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
The Border Crossing Facility is closely associated with the federal government’s construction of customs and immigration posts along the Canada-U.S. border to control the land circulation of goods and services. The construction of this border crossing facility at Beebe was a response to the smuggling scandal of 1926, which initiated the concern to strengthen Canada’s border with the United States.
The Border Crossing Facility is valued for its good aesthetic and functional design. The Canadian government chose the Tudor-Revival style with the clear intention of asserting cultural and political distinctiveness. The handsome, one-and-a-half storey building, with stucco walls and gables set off by half-timbering, is a representative example from this period and demonstrates very good craftsmanship.
The Border Crossing Facility reinforces the present character of its urban landscape setting. Built in the very heart of the village, it is a well-known landmark in the region.
Sources: Geneviève Charrois, Poste frontalier, Beebe, Québec, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report, 00-102; Border Crossing Facility, Beebe, Québec, Heritage Character Statement, 00-102.
The following character-defining elements of the Border Crossing Facility should be respected.
Its good aesthetic and functional design and very good craftsmanship and materials, for example:
- the formal elements, which help make this small one-and-a-half storey building a good example of a Tudor-Revival border crossing, particularly its picturesque form embellished with gables and its wet-dash cladding separated by half-timbering;
- the materials and construction techniques used for the half-timbering, including terracotta, wet dash and wood;
- the concept of a breezeway to protect the vehicles.
The manner in which the Border Crossing Facility reinforces the picturesque character of urban landscape setting and is a well-known landmark, as evidenced by:
- its relationship with the street and the Canada-U.S. border, which it serves;
- its overall scale, design and materials, which complement its urban surroundings;
- its high visibility in the urban fabric of Beebe and its familiar role as a high traffic border crossing.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Customs Building
Architect / Designer
Department of Public Works
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection