Links and documents
1855/01/01 to 1858/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The East Workshop, also known as Building B11, is located in the south yard of Kingston Penitentiary. It is a rectangular, gable-roof structure designed in the Neoclassical style and features high quality stone masonry work. This large building is distinguished by its crowning cornice and the many arched windows along the exterior walls. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The East Workshop is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
The East Workshop is closely associated with the evolution of thought in Canadian penology. Its period as a workshop, between 1855 and 1887, illustrates the theme of reform through labour as part of the rehabilitation process at the Kingston Penitentiary. Its later use, as a prison of isolation and as a treatment centre also reflects important phases in the history of incarceration in Canada.
The East Workshop is a very good example of a mid-19th century, Neoclassical style, industrial workshop. The building also exhibits high quality stone masonry work demonstrated by the tier effect produced on the principal elevation of the workshop. The East Workshop stands as one of Edward Horsey’s largest commissions while architect of the Penitentiary (1846-1869).
The East Workshop reinforces the character of its industrial precinct setting at the south yard of the penitentiary.
Sources: Dana Johnson, Kingston Penitentiary, Kingston, Ontario, Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 89-032; East Workshop (B-11), Kingston Penitentiary, Kingston, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement, 89-032.
The character-defining elements of the East Workshop should be respected.
Its Neoclassical style, industrial architecture and high quality craftsmanship, for example:
-the symmetrical, rectilinear plan and three storey massing with a medium-pitched gable roof;
-the end pavilions framed by corner pilasters and the central projecting bay;
-the arcade treatment of the three exposed walls which consists of semi-circular arches supported on stretched pilasters with recessed panels;
-the high quality masonry work including the division of the principal elevation into tiers with base and belt courses and a crowning cornice;
-the varied architectural treatment of the windows on each storey.
The manner in which the East Workshop reinforces the character of its industrial precinct setting at the south yard of the penitentiary, as evidenced by:
-its key role in physically defining the industrial precinct in the south yard;
-its consistency of scale, materials, architectural detail and decorative programme with other buildings in the precinct.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection
In plan the Main Cellblock is a symmetrical Greek cross-shaped Classic Revival-style five-storey structure with additional projected sections to the east and west. The appended…
Former Warden's Residence
The Former Warden’s Residence, also known as Building A1, overlooks Kingston Penitentiary from its location outside of the precinct’s walls. Designed in the Italianate style, the…
The South Workshop, also known as Building C1-C6, at Kingston Penitentiary is an impressive 19th-century, industrial building with a temple façade and a Greek cross plan. This…
Former Prison for Women
The Former Prison for Women, also known as Building A3, is located within the enclosed complex at Kingston Penitentiary. This three-storey, stone building features a rectilinear…
The West Workshop, also known as Building C7, is located in the south yard of Kingston Penitentiary. It is a large, rectangular, gable-roof structure distinguished by its crowning…
Situated as the only entrance to Kingston Penitentiary the North Lodge is a simple, elegant, neo-classical structure. It consists of a large central arched entranceway with two…