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Carfrae Cottage

39, Carfrae Street, City of London, Ontario, N6C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1988/02/01

Of note is the stucco over double-brick construction and symmetrical composition.; Martina Braunstein, 2007.
Façade, Carfrae Cottage, 2007
Featured is the central gable with decorative bargeboard.; Martina Braunstein, 2007.
Gabled Window, Carfrae Cottage, 2007
Of note are the 6 over 6 windows and the low hip roof.; Martina Braunstein, 2007.
Northeast Corner, Carfrae Cottage, 2007

Other Name(s)

Carfrae Cottage
Maurice Property
Porter Property
39 Carfrae Street

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/01/12

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Carfrae Cottage, located at 39 Carfrae Street, is situated on the south side of Carfrae Street, south of the Thames River, with rear access from Ardaven Place, in the former Township of Westminster, now the City of London. The one-and-a-half-storey stucco-over-double-brick residence was constructed in circa 1860.

The property was designated, by the City of London in 1988, for its historic and architectural value or interest, under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (By-law L.S.P. – 2978-65).

Heritage Value

The Carfrae Cottage property is located in the early settlement area of the City of London. Typical of the early settlement pattern, the property is comparatively large with the house set well back from the street, which is in sharp contrast to the newer neighbouring development. In addition, the Carfrae Cottage property was situated in close proximity to the Thames River, a Canadian Heritage River.

The Carfrae Cottage was built for one of the City of London's first settlers, Robert Carfrae. Carfrae was a native of Leith, Scotland who originally immigrated to Toronto, before arriving in London, in 1827, to help with the construction of the London District Court House. Carfrae remained in London, after the completion of the Court House, and in 1834 was granted a large tract of land. The Carfrae Cottage, was constructed in circa 1860, on a part of that tract. Robert Carfrae went on to become prosperous through land speculation within the City of London. The property remained in the Carfrae family until 1944.

The Carfrae Cottage illustrates a high degree of craftsmanship, both in the design and construction, for such a home built in Ontario, in the 1860's. The Carfrae Cottage is a fine example of Ontario Gothic Cottage architecture. Characteristic of this style, the house exhibits a symmetrical three-bay façade, a steep central gable with decorative bargeboard and a low hip roof. The dwelling rests on a rubble stone foundation and is composed of stucco over a double-brick construction. Other noteworthy elements include; the two 6 over 6 windows with label surrounds, that flank the central entrance on the façade, and the two vertical panel door which is delineated by pilasters, sidelights and a transom.

Source: City of London, By-law L.S.P. – 2978-65.

Character-Defining Elements

Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of the Carfrae Cottage include its:
- stucco over double-brick construction
- rubble stone foundation
- three-bay façade
- low hip roof
- central gable
- decorative bargeboard on gable
- 6 over 6 windows with label surrounds on façade
- two vertical-panel door on façade
- large lot size
- set-back from the street
- situation within a newer development
- proximity to the Thames River




Recognition Authority

Local Governments (ON)

Recognition Statute

Ontario Heritage Act

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1988/01/01 to 1988/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land

Function - Category and Type



Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of London Planning and Development Department 300 Dufferin Avenue London, Ontario N6A 4L9

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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