Description of Historic Place
The Light Tower at Cap de Rabast, also known as Pointe Nord, is located on the north coast of Anticosti Island in the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. The tapered tower is a tall, white, octagonal, structure constructed of concrete with a flared cornice and a red-painted, multi-sided lantern. Its main decorative features are the pedimented cap over the doorway and the triangular lintels over the vertically-aligned windows. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Light Tower is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
The Light Tower is closely associated with improving aids to navigation in the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. The lighting of the north coast of Anticosti Island helped improve maritime transportation by making the passage safer for the vessels taking the shorter route from the Strait of Belle Isle to the mouth of the St. Lawrence River. Until the establishment of these lights and one at Petite-Ile-au-Marteau, in 1915, navigation in the Jacques Cartier Strait had been confined largely to the local fishing fleet and ships coming to supply local residents.
The Light Tower is valued for its good aesthetic qualities and functional design. It was one of a number of octagonal, reinforced concrete structures built by the Department of Marine and Fisheries during the early years of the 20th century. Built with good craftsmanship and materials, it is well suited to the constraints of its function and of the site. The triangular lintels over the windows lighten the building’s austere appearance.
The Light Tower reinforces the maritime character of its coastal island light station setting and is a familiar landmark in for all mariners and fishermen in the area.
Sources: Margaret Coleman, Lighttower, Cap de Rabast (North Point), Anticosti Island, Québec, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report, 89-187; Lighttower, Cap de Rabast, Anticosti Island, Québec, Heritage Character Statement, 89-187.
The character-defining elements of the Light Tower should be respected.
Its good aesthetic and functional design and good craftsmanship and materials, for example:
- the tall massing, which consists of a white concrete, octagonal tapered tower with a flared cornice that supports a lantern;
- the reinforced concrete construction;
- the pedimented cap over the doorway and the triangular lintels over the vertically aligned windows;
- the gallery guardrail and the red-painted, multi-sided, metal lantern.
The manner in which the Light Tower reinforces the maritime character of its coastal island light station setting and is a familiar landmark in the area, as evidenced by:
- its overall scale, massing, design and materials, making it an integral part of the maritime landscape;
- its high visibility and its role as a marker of the associated coastal environment.