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Woodburn Residence

101-103 Orange Street, Saint John, New Brunswick, E2L, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1989/06/19

This photograph shows the contextual view of the building, 2005; City of Saint John
Woodburn Residence - Contextual view
This photograph shows the double entrances, 2005; City of Saint John
Woodburn Residence - Entrances
This photograph shows the upper portion of the bay window, 2005; City of Saint John
Woodburn Residence - Bay window

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/02/26

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Woodburn Residence is a brick two-storey Italianate residential building with a double entrance and a bay window on the front façade. It is located on Orange Street within the Orange Street Heritage Preservation Area of Saint John.

Heritage Value

The Woodburn Residence is designated a Local Historic Place for its architecture and for its association with its former occupants.

The Woodburn Residence is recognized as one of a collection of Italianate, Queen Anne Revival and Second Empire buildings that were built after two thirds of the City of Saint John were destroyed by fire in 1877. Built in 1880 for James Ramsay Woodburn, this building is an example of brick Italianate residential architecture from the rebuilding period in the Orange Street Heritage Preservation Area of Saint John after the fire. The use of brick represents the will of the city to rebuild, as well or better, after the fire and sent a message that the city would be more resistant to fire in the future.

The Woodburn Residence is also recognized for its association with James Ramsay Woodburn. Born in Scotland, he was a dry goods merchant, photographer, and candy manufacturer. The New Brunswick Museum has a large collection of Mr. Woodburn’s stereographs. In 1889, he invented and patented Woodburn's Pulverizer for grinding sugar in the confectionery business. He built spice mills and other machinery, often in association with his neighbour and popular machinist E. S. Stephenson. The Woodburn Mill was his invention. In politics, he was a member of the Saint John Common Council for many years. He passed away here in 1912.

The Woodburn Residence is also recognized for its association with Woodburn’s daughter, Annie Woodburn, and the art studio that she operated in this home. She was a Saint John artist and a large portion of her pieces were of views in the vicinity of Saint John and along the Saint John River. She was a well-known artist across Canada. She instructed students at the rear of this home in her studio and a number of promising pupils developed under her direction. She belonged to the Saint John Art Club and the Women's Art Association of Canada, Saint John Division.

Source: Planning and Development Department - City of Saint John

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements that describe the Woodburn Residence include:
- similar set-back with neighbouring buildings;
- brick exterior walls;
- slight corbel band at cornice;
- rectangular windows with brick lintels and sandstone sills;
- upper storey bay window;
- projecting lower storey square bay with a bracketed cornice and dentils;
- double entrance;
- Annie Woodburn's art studio.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Municipal Heritage Preservation Act, s.5(1)

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Preservation Act

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Learning and the Arts
Developing Economies
Technology and Engineering
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type



Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Planning and Development Department - City of Saint John

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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