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Africville National Historic Site of Canada

Seaview Park, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1997/09/22

Aerial view of Africville prior to relocation, ca. 1958.; Library and Archives Canada | Bibliotheque et Archives Canada, C.M.H.C., PA-170741.
Aerial view
Aerial view of Africville prior to the relocation, ca. 1964.; Library and Archives Canada | Bibliothèque et archives Canada, Ted Grant, Mikan 3596781.
Aerial view
No Image

Other Name(s)

Africville
Africville
Africville National Historic Site of Canada

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2004/11/29

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Africville National Historic Site of Canada is a site of remembrance for Halifax’s African Canadian community. Once the location of a historic Black community, the houses were demolished in the 1960s and the land converted into municipally owned Seaview Park. Located at the north end of Barrington Street on Bedford Basin, below the A. Murray MacKay Bridge, Africville is a symbol of African Canadian community organization and a site of pilgrimage for people honouring the struggle against racism. The open landscape is marked by a sundial-shaped monument commemorating the former community. The designation refers to the landscape and its associated resources, including a few foundation remnants.

Heritage Value

Africville was designated a national historic site of Canada because:
- prior to its relocation in the 1960s, this community was representative of Black settlement in Nova Scotia in its social organization and in its geographical and metaphorical position on the periphery of white society;
- with the emergence of a more politically conscious and confrontational spirit in Black culture, the clearance of Africville in the name of urban renewal became an enduring symbol to Black Canadians of the need for vigilance in defense of their institutions.

Africville was initially settled by African Canadians seeking employment in Halifax during in the 1830s and 1840s. The community grew during the 19th century with its own school and church, the Seaview African United Baptist Church. Over the years, the City of Halifax consistently denied the community municipal services and, during the urban renewal movement of the 1960s, undertook the clearance of the area. Despite protests, the community was dismantled and its members were relocated elsewhere in the city. A campaign for redress eventually emerged and Africville took on a symbolic identity, one which has persisted as representative of the need for pride and vigilant defense of Black institutions and traditions. As such it has served as a source of inspiration to other African Canadian communities and nurtured leaders of its own, including members of the Carvery family and the well-known defender of human rights, Burnley ''Rocky'' Jones. The city has developed the land into the Seaview municipal park which has become an annual place of pilgrimage for the Africville Genealogical Society, an organization of former residents and their descendents.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, June 1996.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location at the extreme north end of the city;
- its open landscape;
- the potential archaeological remnants of the former community;
- the commemorative sundial in its location, form and materials;
- the continued use of the site by the African Canadian community;
- continued public access to the site.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1997/09/22

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1830/01/01 to 1969/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations
Peopling the Land
Settlement

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Park

Historic

Community
Settlement

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Québec J8X 0B3

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

1763

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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