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Inland Cigar Factory

295 1st Avenue, Kamloops, British Columbia, V2C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2007/10/30

Exterior view of the Inland Cigar Factory, 2007; City of Kamloops, 2007
Front elevation
Historic view of the Inland Cigar Factory, 1895; City of Kamloops Museum and Archives, #8490
Front elevation
Historic view of the Inland Cigar Factory, 1896; City of Kamloops Museum and Archives, #2074
Front elevation, oblique view

Other Name(s)

Inland Cigar Factory
Model Bakery

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/06/23

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Inland Cigar Factory is a two-storey, red-brick Victorian-era industrial building with a corbelled cornice, arched second-floor window openings and a recessed central entry. It is situated on an angled lot at the southwest corner of First Avenue and Seymour Street in downtown Kamloops.

Heritage Value

Built in 1895, the Inland Cigar Factory is significant for its ties to the agricultural history of Kamloops and is symbolic of the once-thriving local cigar manufacturing industry. The building was erected as the headquarters and factory of the Inland Cigar Factory, which had been established in 1894 by George A. Borthwick (1866-1927) and restructured in 1895 by Marshall Pollock Gordon (1862-1929), a furniture store owner and three-term mayor of Kamloops. Tobacco for the cigars was imported from Cuba and blended with locally grown tobacco. To demonstrate the technique of rolling authentic Cuban cigars, the company brought in consultants from Cuba. At its height, the company employed a staff of twenty-five who produced up to 4,000 cigars per day. The Inland Cigar Factory continued to operate in this space until 1913 when they moved next door; this space was then taken over by the Model Bakery.

The Inland Cigar Factory is also valued as a reminder of the location of Kamloops’ first commercial district, which was centred on Victoria Street West. Over time the commercial district has shifted further east down Victoria Street.

Furthermore, the Inland Cigar Factory has architectural value as an example of a vernacular industrial structure from the Victorian era. The walls are constructed of local pressed red brick.

Source: City of Kamloops Planning Department

Character-Defining Elements

Key characteristics that define the heritage character of the Inland Cigar Factory include its:
- prominent location on an angled lot at the corner of First Avenue and Victoria Street West
- industrial form, scale and massing as expressed by its two-storey height, symmetrical front façade, rectangular plan and flat roof, with no front or side setbacks
- masonry construction with common red-brick cladding with flush-struck mortar joints, segmental arched second-floor window openings, blind arched opening above the central entry with rubbed brick outline and herringbone infill, corbelled cornice, stone and brick foundation, interior wood-framing
- early prefabricated galvanized drainage scuppers at rear



British Columbia

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (BC)

Recognition Statute

Local Government Act, s.954

Recognition Type

Community Heritage Register

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Developing Economies
Extraction and Production

Function - Category and Type


Commerce / Commercial Services
Office or Office Building


Food and Beverage Manufacturing Facility
Commerce / Commercial Services
Shop or Wholesale Establishment
Tobacco Manufacturing Facility

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of Kamloops Planning Department

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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