Fort Nerepis National Historic Site of Canada
Fort de Nerpice
Fort de Nerpice
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Fort Nerepis National Historic Site of Canada is strategically located at Woodmans Point on the confluence of the Saint John and Nerepis Rivers in New Brunswick. Originally a fortified Indigenous village, a small French fort was built at the original site circa 1749 by Charles Deschamps de Boishébert. The remains of Fort Nerepis and its precise location have never been found; however, the area on Woodmans Point is marked by a cairn and plaque erected by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. The designation refers to the presumed location of the footprint of the fort at the time of designation in 1930.
Fort Nerepis was designated as a national historic site of Canada in 1930. It is recognized because:
- it is the site of an ancient Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) stronghold;
- in 1749 it was strengthened by Charles Deschamps de Boishébert and used by the French in their operations against the British for several years.
Nerepis was first known to have been the site of a fortified Indigenous village, strategically positioned to control entry into interior New Brunswick along both the Saint John and Nerepis rivers. One of the earliest documented references to Nerepis was in 1697, which noted that the Sr. de Neuvillette would take scouts from Nerepis when he journeyed along the river. Sometime after 1749, Lieutenant Charles Deschamps de Boishébert et de Raffetot moved to this location to build a small fort, and it is from him that the other names of the fort were derived. This fort remained a French foothold until around 1755 when British forces under Colonel Robert Monckton began the expulsion of Acadian French settlers throughout the region.
Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, May 1931, December 2008.
Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- the location of the fort, on Woodmans Point in the community of Grand Bay-Westfield;
- its strategic setting at the confluence of the Nerepis and Saint John rivers;
- the integrity of any surviving or as yet unidentified archaeological remains which may be found within the site in their original placement and extent;
- the viewscapes across the two rivers.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1749/01/01 to 1749/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Governing Canada
- Military and Defence
- Peopling the Land
- Canada's Earliest Inhabitants
Function - Category and Type
- Military Defence Installation
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Québec J8X 0B3
Cross-Reference to Collection