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Gayton Covered Bridge

Gayton Road, Memramcook, New Brunswick, E4K, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2009/09/21

Photo taken from the north showing the bridge spanning the Memramcook River; Memramcook Valley Historical Society and the Village of Memramcook
Aerial view of the Gayton Covered Bridge
Photo of the bridge, taken from the northwest along Cayton Road; Memramcook Valley Historical Society and the Village of Memramcook
Front view of the Gayton Covered Bridge
Map showing the location of the bridge on the Memramcook River; Memramcook Valley Historical Society
Gayton Covered Bridge - geographical map

Other Name(s)

Boudreau Bridge
Gayton Covered Bridge
Pont Boudreau
Memramcook River No. 4 Bridge
Pont no 4 de la rivière Memramcook

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/11/03

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The 22.6 metre long Gayton Covered Bridge is located in the village of Memramcook, in Westmorland County, New Brunswick. Still in use, it enables the Gayton Road traffic to cross the Memramcook River near what used to be the Village of Gayton.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of the Gayton Covered Bridge lies in its representation of covered bridges. Built in 1930, it is a typical example of the countless covered bridges found in New Brunswick during the 19th century. Its Howe truss structure and gable roof demonstrate the method used to build nearly all of the covered bridges still found in New Brunswick.

The heritage value of the Gayton Covered Bridge is also associated with its historic interest. It is the last of the covered bridges in the Memramcook region and one of some 60 remaining covered bridges in New Brunswick. It was built to replace another bridge, at the same location, which dated back several years and played a very important role in land travel between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Before a bridge was built further downstream on the Memramcook River, the Gayton Road was the main north-south roadway link in the area, and it crossed the Memramcook River using the Gayton Covered Bridge.

There is also heritage value linked to the Gayton Covered Bridge’s commemorative interest. Its name recalls the former Village of Gayton, in which it was located prior to the amalgamation of the Greater Memramcook Area. The Gayton Covered Bridge is often identified as the Boudreau Bridge, commemorating a very common family name in the former Village of Gayton. The bridge is also known as the Memramcook River No. 4, calling to mind its location on the Memramcook River.

Source: Memramcook Village Office, Site File, “Le Pont Couvert de Gayton"

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Gayton Covered Bridge include:
- location on the upper Memramcook River, still enabling traffic to circulate between Memramcook East and Memramcook West;
- Howe truss structure;
- single span, 22.6m long and 5.8m wide;
- gable roof clad in wood shingles;
- exterior cladding of vertical boards;
- 4.1 m height restriction for vehicles;
- railings on both interior sides of the bridge;
- weight restriction of 10 tonnes for vehicles;
- steel beam structure protecting the west side entrance.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Local Historic Places Program

Recognition Type

Municipal Register of Local Historic Places

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Communications and Transportation

Function - Category and Type


Bridge, Tunnel or Other Engineering Work


Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Village of Memramcook Municipal Office

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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