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St. Andrews Anglican Church

4634 North Island Highway, Courtenay, British Columbia, V9N, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2009/08/04

St. Andrew's Anglican Church; City of Courtenay, 2009
Front facade, 2009
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Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/11/17

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

St. Andrew’s Anglican Church is a modest, one-storey Gothic Revival-inspired church situated on its original lot at the intersection of Dingwall Road and North Island Highway in Courtenay. The site includes landscaping, which features mature trees and shrubbery, and an historic Anglican cemetery at the rear of the church.

Heritage Value

The significance of St. Andrew's Anglican Church lies in its historic and aesthetic value, particularly for its age, its association with the establishment of the Anglican faith in the Courtenay area, its association with the church’s first minister, and its unique architecture.

Built in 1877, St. Andrew’s Anglican Church is valued as one of the oldest buildings in Courtenay and is a symbol of the establishment of the Anglican faith in the area. The church, situated on its original historic site, was constructed by devout Anglican followers after their previous place of worship, a modest log cabin church shared with Presbyterians from 1864-1874, was deemed by the Anglican congregation as too small for the growing population of pioneers, reflecting the early expansion of the area’s population generally during the 1870s.

St. Andrew’s Anglican Church also has a historic relationship with Reverend Jules Xavier Willemar, (1842-1935) Courtenay’s first resident clergyman, who ultimately had a profound impact on the religious and social development of the Courtenay area by serving as minister for a span of 42 years.

St. Andrew’s Anglican Church is architecturally significant for its blend of Gothic Revival style and local building materials. While the Gothic style, reflected by its stained glass windows, rectangular massing, pointed-arched windows and tower, is typical of many Gothic Revival churches in North America, the church blends them with regional influences, such as the use of locally-milled timber in its construction, and for the pews and pulpit. It is also significant that the church’s stained glass windows, obtained by Willemar from an Anglican church in Alberni and church bell salvaged from a wrecked Australian ship, symbolize the practical nature of Courtenay's earliest Anglican pioneers.

Source: City of Courtenay Planning Department

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements which define the heritage character of St. Andrew's Anglican Church include its:

Site and Setting
- the elevated setting of the church, which adds to the structure's prominence
- situation of the church on its original site
- location of original roads adjacent to the church, which highlight the church’s historic use as a community landmark

- Gothic Revival elements, including stained glass windows, rectangular massing, church tower and exterior trim
- locally-processed pews, pulpit, and timber framing
- church bell

- mature trees and shrubbery
- cemetery



British Columbia

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (BC)

Recognition Statute

Local Government Act, s.954

Recognition Type

Community Heritage Register

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions

Function - Category and Type


Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship


Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of Courtenay Planning Department

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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