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Simms Millennium Park

50 Old Island Highway, Courtenay, British Columbia, V9N, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2009/08/04

Simms Millennium Park; City of Courtenay, 2009
Showing pavilion and entrance sign, 2009
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Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/11/17

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Simms Millennium Park is a municipally-owned 9.0 acre park located off the Old Island Highway directly across from Lewis Park and is naturally bounded by the Courtenay River to the south and Courtenay River Slough to the East and North. The park consists of a combination of open fields and forested areas and features lookouts, trails, gardens, pavilion, gazebo, pond, and numerous indigenous plantings and trees.

Heritage Value

The significance of Simms Millennium Park lies in its historical, scientific, aesthetic, and social value, particularly for its role during the Second World War, its association with important Courtenay businesses, its design, its situation in a riparian zone and its ongoing use as a community park.

Simms Millennium Park is valued for its role played in the defense of the West Coast of Vancouver Island and in training for the D-Day landings on the beaches in Europe during World War Two. From 1942 to 1944, the Courtenay River Slough was used to moor the several assault craft used in Combined Operations training and was only one of two sites of its kind in Canada. Currently used as a government dock, the Courtenay Slough reflects the presence of the federal government in the City.

Simms Millennium Park has an historical relationship with two noteworthy businesses that occupied the site, including Inkster's Lumber, which operated from 1939 to 1975, and the Brackman and Kerr Milling Company, which operated on the site from 1917 to 1958. Both businesses were situated facing the Courtenay River, highlighting the importance of the river as a transportation corridor for Courtenay’s economy.

Simms Millennium Park is associated with Charles Simms, the initial owner of the majority of the current park property. Simms, a prominent watchmaker, jeweller and local businessman, operated a high-traffic wharf on the site and was actively involved in civic affairs, serving three terms as Courtenay mayor between 1921 and 1942.

Flanked on two sides of water, Simms Millennium Park scientific value lies in its situation in a riparian zone. The grouping of mature trees, shrubbery, grasses and water around the park provide an immensely important habitat to a variety of wildlife, ranging from numerous species of salmon that spawn in the area, to birds and small mammals. It is significant that the park is uniquely configured to minimize the impact on this sensitive area, while enabling the public to view the wildlife that reside in their natural surroundings.

The aesthetic value of Simms Millennium Park lies in its exceptional design and setting. Constructed as a promenade park, it features a network of trails which provide views of the Courtenay River and slough. It is notable that the park consists of heavily forested areas, and features a variety of mature and recently planted deciduous and conifer trees. The park is important for its educational value seen in the unique and interactive paleo-garden designed by local paleontologists, and which features a variety of prehistoric plant species and fossils.

The social value of Simms Millennium Park is vested in its on-going use as a highly accessible community park and is valued as a cornerstone of the City of Courtenay’s Park program.

Source: City of Courtenay Planning Department

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements which define the heritage character of Simms Millennium Park include its:

- prominent setting adjacent to the Courtenay River
- situation in a riparian zone
- evidence of cribbing and pilings that reflect the historic uses of the site as time passes
- Courtenay River slough and federal government wharf
- elements that support the aesthetic value of the park, including recently planted and mature species of trees and shrubbery, paleo-garden, gazebo, lookouts, and pavilion
- open spatial qualities
- forested areas with trails
- ongoing use as a community park



British Columbia

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (BC)

Recognition Statute

Local Government Act, s.954

Recognition Type

Community Heritage Register

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
People and the Environment

Function - Category and Type



Food and Beverage Manufacturing Facility
Wood and/or Paper Manufacturing Facility

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of Courtenay Planning Department

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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