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St. Lawrence Islands National Park of Canada / Parc national du Canada des Îles-du-Saint-Laurent, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1995/02/06

General view of the shelter, showing the open design and unpartitioned interior space, 1992.; Archaeological Services and Historica Ltd., 1992.
General view
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Other Name(s)

Shelter (Endymion Island)

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/12/14

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Shelter, located on Endymion Island, lies within the St. Lawrence Islands National Park of Canada. The rectangular, single-storey wooden picnic shelter is open-sided with a hipped roof supported at the perimeter by wooden posts. Executed in the Rustic style, the building has an open interior space and is surrounded by a low surrounding railing. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Endymion Island Shelter is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical value
The Endymion Island Shelter is a very good example of a building associated with the development of Canada’s national park system and early Canadian tourism. It is also associated with the emerging ideals of protecting and enhancing designated wilderness areas for the pleasure and benefit of Canadians, and with the increase in visitors to Canadian parks during the interwar years. In response to public demand, the Crown created the St. Lawrence Islands National Park of Canada, eastern Canada’s first national park. The Endymion Island Shelter was built in response to a perceived need for additional facilities.

Architectural value
The Endymion Island Shelter is valued for its good aesthetics. It is a good example of the rustic aesthetic developed in the 1920s and 1930s for use throughout Canada’s national park system, which was thought to complement the natural setting, and reflected the picturesque aesthetic consistent with National Parks’ tradition. The Endymion Island Shelter demonstrates the use of milled-wood frame construction as a more economical alternative to log construction, achieving a rustic image at minimal cost. Good functional design is evidenced in the open interior, while good craftsmanship is evidenced in the woodwork.

Environmental value
The Endymion Island Shelter maintains an unchanged relationship to its site, is compatible with the picturesque character of Endymion Island and is a familiar landmark to the local community and park visitors.

Sources: Kate MacFarlane, Twenty Eight Buildings, St. Lawrence Islands National Park, Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Reports 93-023 through 93-038; Endymion Island Picnic Shelter, St. Lawrence Islands National Park, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 93-035.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Endymion Island Shelter should be respected.

Its good aesthetics, good functional design and good quality craftsmanship, for example:
- the open design and unpartitioned interior space;
- the hipped roof, exposed rafter ends, wood support posts and diagonal brackets railing, all sitting on a concrete slab floor;
- the use of milled-wood frame construction.

The manner in which it reinforces the picturesque, yet accessible character of the setting as evidenced in:
- its location on Endymion Island;
- the compatibility of the building’s rustic form, natural materials and rustic detailing with the picturesque setting;
- the unchanged relationship with the site, in particular its sitting on a heavily treed island, with a privy and a dock nearby.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type



Park Fixture

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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