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Drake House Registered Heritage Structure

Arnold's Cove, Newfoundland and Labrador, A0B, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2004/03/27

Exterior view of main facade, Drake House, Arnold's Cove, 2005.; HFNL/Town of Arnold's Cove 2005
Drake House, Arnold's Cove, NL
Photo of Drake House during restoration, about 2004.; HFNL 2009
Drake House, Arnold's Cove, NL
View of the underside of the moved dwelling showing the footing supports installed at the new location. Photo taken during restoration, about 2003.; HFNL 2009
Drake House, Arnold's Cove, NL

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2004/10/25

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Drake House is a two-storey house with a low-pitched gable roof. It is located at 319 Main Road, Arnold's Cove, Newfoundland. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Drake House has been designated as a heritage building because of its historic and aesthetic values.

Drake House is historically significant because it is representative of Newfoundland outport resettlement. Drake House was built in the small fishing community of Haystack, located in a sheltered harbour on the northeast coast of Long Island, Placentia Bay, north of Harbour Buffett. Haystack, like other Long Island settlements, was dependent upon Harbour Buffett for supplies and the sale of their fish. The community was never very large and the population never exceeded 100. By 1961 two residents remained. The resettlement program implemented by the Newfoundland Government was put in place between 1954 and 1975 to try and centralize the population, and bring residents of small, isolated fishing communities to larger “growth centres”. When the larger community of Harbour Buffett agreed to resettle, it was only a matter of time before Haystack followed. The Drake House was floated to the nearby community of Arnold’s Cove in the 1970s to its present location, creating a visual reminder of the controversial and highly emotional resettlement program.

Aesthetically, this house is significant because it is a visual reminder of vernacular, outport architecture. Built using local, traditional materials, Drake House typifies the style of house built in the late nineteenth century in a small fishing village. Of particular note is the narrow wood clapboard, wide cornerboards and mouldings surrounding a traditional wood door and two over two wooden windows. The sparse detailing is a statement about the occupants, who were a fishing family. Yet efforts were made to make this house attractive and unique by way of vernacular classical elements such as mouldings on the trim and elaborate corner eave brackets.

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador designation file M-049-001 "Arnold's Cove - Drake House", designated March 27, 2003, Minutes 49

Character-Defining Elements

All original features which relate to the age and style of the house including:
-use of local, traditional materials;
-low-pitched gable roof;
-narrow wood clapboard;
-two over two windows;
-decorative window and door trim on front facade;
-window and door placement on exterior;
-decorative eaves and cornerboards;and
-unimpeded view of harbour.



Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Authority

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Statute

Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land

Function - Category and Type




Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador
1 Springdale Street, St John’s Newfoundland
A1C 5V5

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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