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Victoria Hall National Historic Site of Canada

68 King Street East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1995/07/06

Exterior façade; Parks Canada | Parcs Canada, 1996 (HRS 0176)
Exterior façade
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Other Name(s)

Victoria Hall National Historic Site of Canada
Victoria Hall
Victoria Hall

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1887/01/01 to 1888/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/01/27

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Victoria Hall is a three-and-a-half-storey, commercial building built in the late 19th century. It is prominently located in a row of commercial buildings opposite Gore Park in the central commercial district of the city of Hamilton. The formal recognition consists of the building and the legal property on which it sat at the time of recognition. The building itself occupies almost all of the property.

Heritage Value

Victoria Hall was designated a national historic site because it is of national historic and architectural significance. It is a superior and rare example of a commercial building with a decorative, architectonic, sheet-metal façade, which is completely hand- rather than machine-made. Its well-designed and well-crafted, three-storey, metal façade comprised of high-relief architectural elements is largely intact. The building is an irreplaceable element in King Street's continuum of commercial architecture dating from the pre-confederation era to the present.

The conventional, late-19th-century commercial building is covered with a hand-made, galvanized-sheet-metal façade on the front of its upper three storeys. Designed by Hamilton architect William Stewart and erected for Alexander Bruce, a prominent Hamilton lawyer, the façade projects an image of prosperity by simulating the appearance of exuberant stone masonry. It is a very rare Canadian example of an in-situ, hand-made, sheet-metal façade and is one of the earliest and most architecturally accomplished of the surviving sheet metal façades in Canada. The façade is essentially intact.

Victoria Hall forms part of a continuous row of commercial buildings overlooking Gore Park, an area that has traditionally functioned as the city's commercial heart and the focal point of public events. Victoria Hall is among the last of the robust High-Victorian commercial buildings in the Gore area.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minute, July 1995.

Character-Defining Elements

The key elements that relate to the heritage value of this site include:
- its hand-crafted, sheet-metal facade, covering the entire front of the building above the ground floor;
- the well-proportioned, three-bay, Italianate composition of the metal facade, with architectural elements fabricated in high relief;
- on the lower two storeys, flat-arched windows with rounded corners separated by elongated columns, all framed by rusticated pilasters;
- on the top floor, semi-circular arched windows with highly decorated voussoirs and large keystones;
- a prominent, bracketed cornice capping the façade;
- its successful simulation in galvanized sheet-metal of elaborately carved stone masonry;
- its prominent and highly visible location on King Street near the corner of John Street;
- its incorporation in a continuous row of commercial buildings along the south side of King Street;
- its direct relationship to the open landscaped space of Gore Park on the opposite side of the street.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type



Commerce / Commercial Services
Shop or Wholesale Establishment

Architect / Designer

William Stewart



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Québec J8X 0B3

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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