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Campbell Carriage Factory

19 Church Street, Sackville, New Brunswick, E4L, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2005/01/01

Front facade view of the building illustrates the open plan along with the window and door arrangement being clear expressions of the function of the building.; PNB 2004
Front facade of the building
Corner view of the building illustrates the medium-pitched gable roof, slight roof overhangs of simple design, and gabled dormers typical of period small-scale industrial and farm buildings. ; PNB 2004
Corner view of the building
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Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/02/03

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Campbell Carriage Factory consists of a two-storey heavy-timber frame building, situated on a parcel of land adjacent to the Tantramar Marshes at 19 Church Street in the community of Middle Sackville.

Heritage Value

Constructed in 1838, the Campbell Carriage Factory Provincial Historic Site is significant example of a small, 19th century industrial complex. Originally built as a tannery, the structure was purchased and converted into a carriage factory in 1855 by Ronald Campbell. The Campbell Carriage Factory produced high-quality horse-drawn vehicles, tools, agricultural equipment, and caskets up until it closed in 1949. It is also significant as one of only a few carriage factories in North America located on its original site with original tools, patterns, machinery and works in progress. Source: New Brunswick Culture and Sport Secretariat, Heritage Branch, Site File # 106.

Character-Defining Elements

Character-defining elements related to the Campbell Carriage Factory as an example of a 19th century industrial complex include: - its context on its original site located on the edge of the Tantramar Marshes; - the overall design of the building; with its structure, open plan, and window/door arrangement being clear expressions of the function of the building. The medium-pitched gable roof, slight roof overhangs of simple design, and gabled dormers typical of period small-scale industrial and farm buildings; - the factory is a two-story post and beam construction, measuring 21.33 meters x 9.14 meters. It consists of four separate rooms, two per floor: The Woodworking and Machinery Rooms on the first floor, and the Storage/Assembly and Paint Rooms on the second floor; - exterior cladding, including trim corner boards, horizontal wood clapboards on the front and side facades, while the rear façade is clad with wood shingles; - original fenestration throughout, featuring painted wood exterior dressing with tapered hood mouldings. Window arrangements include: 21 over 21 single-hung windows at the high roof dormers, 8 over 4 single-hung windows at the second floor southern façade, a pair of second floor 8 over 8 single-hung windows and a pair of main floor 24-pane fixed windows at the western façade, 9-pane fixed windows at the second floor north end, and 8 over 8 single-hung windows throughout the rest of the main floor; - all (replica) solid wood, exterior hinged doors made of nailed wood planks; - various exhaust/sawdust flap door openings in exterior walls throughout the building; - visible post-and-beam structure with dovetailed and wood-pegged joints; - various Campbell-manufactured carriages and sleds throughout the factory. Some key elements of woodworking room items include: - interior-clad wall for insulation/winter comfort; - sandstone stovepipe pocket at ceiling; - hand-operated water pump; - various tools and items including upholstering benches, wheelwright’s table, spoke lathe, woodworking benches, wheel making tools, and numerous pattern templates and jigs. Certain key elements of machinery room items include: - overhead axle powershaft connected to drive wheels and canvas belts; - various tools and items including: lathes, hub making tools with a multitude of hubs in various stages of completion, wheel assembly tools. Some key elements of storage/assembly room items include: - carriage tops and associated assembly tools; - steam-bending implements & moulds; - sandstone stovepipe pocket at floor; - carriage trim manufacture area and associated tools; - coffin making tools and hardware. Certain key elements of paint room, items include: - visible paint buildup throughout; - workers’ graffiti & painted decorative test patterns on the walls; - various period cans of paint and associated chemicals; - carriage painting stands; - pattern templates; - original plaster & lath remnants (in paint room only); - large exterior opening formerly used with horse-operated carriage hoist.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Province of New Brunswick

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites Protection Act, s. 2(2)

Recognition Type

Historic Sites Protection Act – Protected

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1855/01/01 to 1949/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Technology and Engineering
Developing Economies

Function - Category and Type




Textile or Leather Manufacturing Facility

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

New Brunswick Culture and Sport Secretariat, Heritage Branch, Site File # 106.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




Related Places

Back elevation

Campbell Carriage Factory Museum

The Campbell Carriage Factory Museum consists of a large two-story shingled post and beam factory building built in 1838. The main factory building, opened as a Museum in 2003, is…


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