6664 Deer Lake Avenue, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5E, Canada
Frederick John and Alice Hart Estate
F.J. Hart Estate
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Hart Estate, Avalon, is comprised of 5.26 hectares of lakefront property now located within Deer Lake Park. Avalon is an Arts and Crafts/Tudor Revival styled mansion and an associated later outbuilding. The mansion is now operated as the Hart House Restaurant.
Avalon and its estate grounds are important as an illustration of the cultural, aesthetic, and lifestyle values of the wealthy families that settled in the Deer Lake area early in the twentieth century. These values were predominantly those of elegant country living and leisure pursuits.
The estate is important for its connection with wealthy land developer Frederick John Hart (1868-1945), who was not only instrumental in the creation of subdivisions which promoted Deer Lake as an exclusive residential development for successful families in the New Westminster and Vancouver area, but was also an influential member of this new suburban community and of the emerging municipality of Burnaby. Hart had a wide range of business, civic, and political interests: his real estate company managed many of the land sales in the area and numerous other large developments throughout the region; he was an entrepreneurial businessman associated with a number of companies important to the economic development of the area and British Columbia; and he was a "public spirited citizen" and an alderman for the City of New Westminster.
The architectural style of Avalon set the tone for many of the grand mansions in the adjacent residential development - British Arts and Crafts in derivation, with eclectic details, particularly Tudor precedents. Designed for Hart and his wife Alice Chapman Hart (1867-1935) by Burnaby architect Frank William Macey (1863-1935), the use of references to Tudor England illustrates the relevance and importance to the residents of the area of a strong and visible connection with Britain. The first resident architect in Burnaby, Macey was born and trained in England where he was well respected for having published two standard texts for the architectural profession. He settled in Burnaby in the first decade of the twentieth century and obtained a number of commissions from prominent businessmen who were building grand homes in the new community of Deer Lake. He designed mostly in the British Arts and Crafts style and introduced the use of rough cast stucco for building exteriors, a characteristic for which he was renowned, and of which Avalon is an excellent example.
Source: Heritage Site Files: PC77000 20. City of Burnaby Planning and Building Department
Key elements that define the heritage character of Avalon include its:
- estate in its entirety: house, grounds, landscape features and garage outbuilding
- complex asymmetrical massing
- side gable roof punctuated with massive cross gables at the front and rear and open gable ends
- exterior features of the house such as the rough cast stucco with mock Tudor timbering; cobble stone facings; square tower with mock battlements
- multiple assemblies of wooden sash casement windows
- tall, prominent corbelled brick chimneys
- grand interior spaces and fittings: particularly the entrance hall with its carved stone fireplace; the main staircase; panelled wainscotting; Tudor arched windows; and fireplaces with original tile surrounds
Local Governments (BC)
Local Government Act, s.967
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Commerce / Commercial Services
- Eating or Drinking Establishment
Architect / Designer
Frank William Macey
Location of Supporting Documentation
Heritage Site Files: PC77000 20. City of Burnaby Planning and Building Department, 4949 Canada Way, Burnaby, B.C., V5G 1M2.
See Also: Burnaby Village Museum, Collection: Hart Photograph Albums
Cross-Reference to Collection