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Daniel Gavey, House

Gaspé, Quebec, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2001/11/01

Photo of Daniel Gavey, House in 2000.; (Parcs Canada/ Antoine L'Italien-Savard).
Corner View
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Other Name(s)

Daniel Gavey, House
David Gavey House

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1915/01/01 to 1916/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/04/22

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Daniel Gavey, House is a balanced and symmetrical, one-and-a-half-storey rectangular building with white, painted, lap siding, coloured exterior trim, a gable roof with a gable dormer that does not interrupt the roof eaves and is located over the front entrance, bell-shaped eaves, and a stone foundation. The building also features a gallery, which runs the full length of the building, and a summer kitchen with a projecting storm-enclosure at the back of the house. The Daniel Gavey, House is part of a grouping of buildings that includes a barn, which are located on the upper part of a steep hill facing the Gaspé Bay at Grande-Grave, within Forillon National Park. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Daniel Gavey, House has been designated a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations and its architectural and environmental values:

Historical value
The Daniel Gavey, House is associated with the national theme of the cod fishery in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which was the main activity and the driving force behind the Gaspé economy for several centuries. The building was home to one of the oldest families in Grande-Grave, the Gaveys, some of whom worked for the Fruing Company and were clerks for William Hyman & Sons. The building illustrates the pivotal role played by cod exporters and merchants in the settlement of the region, and the social structure and economic dynamics that shaped traditional Gaspé fishing villages like this one.

Architectural value
The Daniel Gavey, House is a good example of a vernacular form that is especially common in Gaspé, where Quebec domestic architecture is influenced by the design of the Neoclassical New England house. The building’s distinctive style illustrates the preservation of a tradition in domestic architecture between the mid-19th and early 20th centuries, and is typical to many of the houses in Grande-Grave. Many of the characteristic elements of this neoclassical vernacular style can be found in both the layout and the elevations of the Daniel Gavey, House, and its classically-inspired, unified, interior finishes demonstrate a high level of craftsmanship.

Environmental value
The Daniel Gavey, House reinforces the present character of Grande-Grave which still evokes the former settlement, and blends with the marine landscape of Forillon owing to its design which is compatible with other buildings in Grande-Grave, and to its siting which is well-integrated with the site’s topography. The Daniel Gavey, House is one of a string of buildings along the coast that characterize the cultural landscape of the south shore of the Forillon Peninsula. A familiar landmark in the area, the house speaks to the presence of a former, traditional Gaspé coastal fishing village.

Roch Samson, Christine Chartré, Michel Bédard, Paul Trépanier, Yvan Fortier, The Houses and Outbuildings
of Grande-Grave, Forillon National Park, Québec. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Building Report
01-066; Daniel Gavey House, Forillon National Park, Québec. Heritage Character Statement 01-066e.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Daniel Gavey, House should be respected.

-features specific to this typical form of domestic architecture, such as the stone foundation which supports the raised frame of the house and follows the topography of the site, the balanced symmetry of the elevations, the roof line broken by a gable dormer, which is unique in this house in that it does not interrupt the roof eave, and the gallery running the full length of the façade;
-the components that illustrate the building methods and techniques that are specific to this vernacular neoclassical tradition, in particular the use of wood as a building material, the white, painted, lap siding and coloured exterior trim, and the interior woodwork;
-the roof line with its bell-shaped eaves, a typical feature of 19th-century Quebec vernacular architecture that was somewhat popular in Gaspé;
-the interior layout which is representative of neoclassical houses and consists of four rooms around a centre hall on both floors;
-the attached summer kitchen and its projecting storm-enclosure located at the back of the building, which are a common feature of houses in Grande-Grave;
-the great similarity of style, form and materials that creates the overall harmony of the buildings in Grande-Grave;
-the visual and physical link between the house and its outbuildings, the site with which it is historically associated. Its location amid fields and pastures also reflects the varied activities of fishermen-farmers;
-the relationship of the house to its setting which consists of a rugged coastline, as well as its relationship to the spread-out settlement of Grande-Grave.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type



Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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