Home / Accueil

Royal Bank Building

713-721 Main Street , Moncton, New Brunswick, E1C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1996/09/23

The ground floor of the Royal Bank Building is now a branch of Tim Hortons.  The upper floors serve as commercial office space.; Moncton Museum
Royal Bank Building - 2004
Formerly a branch of the Merchants' Bank of Halifax, the Royal Bank Building was oriented with its entrance at the corner of Main and Alma to ensure maximum business from foot traffic.; Moncton Museum
Royal Bank of Canada - c. 1930
No Image

Other Name(s)

Merchants' Bank of Halifax
Merchants' Bank of Halifax
Royal Bank of Canada
Banque Royale du Canada
Royal Bank Building

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1898/01/01 to 1899/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/05/02

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Royal Bank Building is a three-storey pink sandstone commercial structure erected in the Romanesque Revival architectural style. Built in 1898-1899, it is situated at the corner of Main Street and Alma Street in Moncton.

Heritage Value

The Royal Bank Building was designated because it is a good example of the Romanesque architectural style.

Designed by J. C. Dumaresq and built in 1898-1899 by James Reid & Son, the pink sandstone from a nearby Sackville quarry still retains some of the original tool marks. Extensive Roman arch openings, paired window fenestration, pillars and pilasters all exemplify the intended style of the structure. The corner orientation of the bank’s main entrance is indicative of the merchant bank style of this era, intending to capitalize on client traffic from two intersecting streets instead of just one. An extension to the north side of the building by Ambrose Wheeler in 1929 reflects the major elements of the original structure.

This building was also designated for its importance in the financial development of Moncton. Originally constructed as a branch of the Merchants’ Bank of Halifax, it became the main Moncton branch of The Royal Bank of Canada when the Merchants’ Bank changed its name in 1901. It remained a branch of the Royal Bank of Canada until 1986.

Along with its major financial tenants, the Royal Bank Building’s upper floors have been occupied by significant local businesses such as the noted law firms of former Moncton Mayor E. A. Reilly and those of R. W. Hewson, who remained at this location for almost 65 years. As well, organizations such as the Masons and the Independent Order of Odd-Fellows have occupied the upper floors.

In 1996, the Royal Bank Building was designated a Heritage Property through the City of Moncton Heritage Preservation By-Law #Z-1102.

Source: Moncton Museum, Moncton, New Brunswick - second floor files – “713-721 Main Street”

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements relating to the location and context include:
- typical merchant bank corner entrance.

The character-defining elements relating to the exterior elements of the structure include:
- sandstone window sills and lintels;
- keystone Roman arch on red granite engaged Corinthian pillars;
- finished sandstone bases with recessed panels for plaques;
- sloped copper roof;
- pink sandstone quoins;
- windows and doors with segmented arch openings;
- Corinthian pilasters;
- finished sandstone stringcourse;
- continuous moulded sill;
- rectangular and Roman arch fenestration;
- windows with finished sandstone trim;
- modillions under cornice;
- engaged turret with coquillage corbel support and triple windows over entrance; - south and west secondary entrances with modillions under head trim;
- 2nd storey continuous window sill;
- rectangular 3rd storey windows and Roman arch transoms separated by finished sandstone stringcourse;
- 1st storey finished beveled window sills.

The character-defining elements relating to the structural elements of the building include:
- three-storey square massing;
- pink sandstone in broken course bond;
- back walls in common bond handmade red brick;
- northern addition facing Alma Street copying sandstone, arched windows and doorways and modillions of original structure design;
- original stone foundation.

The character-defining elements relating to the interior elements of the structure include:
- office doors with hinged transom windows and boxed trim;
- 14 foot coffered ceiling;
- tin ceiling panels;
- 10 foot bi-folding doors;
- decorated cast iron pillar;
- capped newel posts;
- spindle balustrade staircase;
- original wainscoting with moulded trim;
- light medallions;
- wooden Roman arch transom with keystone;
- vault in basement.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Municipal Heritage Preservation Act, s.5(1)

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Preservation Act

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1901/01/01 to 1901/01/01
1996/01/01 to 1996/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type


Commerce / Commercial Services
Eating or Drinking Establishment


Commerce / Commercial Services
Bank or Stock Exchange
Commerce / Commercial Services
Office or Office Building

Architect / Designer

J. C. Dumaresq


James Reid & Son

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Moncton Museum, 20 Mountain Road, Moncton, New Brunswick - second Floor, back office files - filed by civic address

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




Related Places



Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Nearby Places