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Poultry Building 21

Longview, Alberta, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1993/11/15

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Other Name(s)

Poultry Building 21
Poultry, Building 21
Poulaillier, bâtiment 21

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1927/01/01 to 1930/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/05/03

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Poultry Building at the Bar U Ranch complex consists of a main section with additions at its west and east sides. The central, earlier one-storey section is of light-frame construction and rests on a concrete foundation. Its exterior walls are sheathed with shiplap, while its gable roof is clad with cedar shingles and is topped with two small ventilation cupolas. Four twelve-light storm windows, installed horizontally, are found on the south façade. The interior is divided equally into two rooms. The chicken stalls are located on the north wall. The west addition, built to shelter sheep is of pole construction, sheathed on the west and north façade with vertical boards and battens, and on the south façade with widely spaced horizontal boards. The third section, built in the late 1950's is a simple lean-to, built with large poles, on the east end of the structure. The north wall is covered with vertical board siding, while the other two sides are open and has a shed roof. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Poultry Building is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
The Bar U Ranch complex is one of the best examples of the development of the ranching industry in Alberta and its importance in the development of Canada. The Poultry Building, reflects this development. The Poultry Building is also associated with Patrick Burns, who purchased the Bar U Ranch in 1927 to add to his vast cattle empire. Burns, who is recognized as the kingpin of the meat processing industry in western Canada during the mid 1920's, has been designated a person of national significance.

Architectural Value
The Poultry Building is a very good example of utilitarian design with simple massing despite its composite nature. Its functional design, form, and massing along with the simplicity of its construction and the low-tech utilitarian nature of the construction materials and techniques contribute to its architectural value.

Environmental Value
The Poultry Building is part of a cohesive composition of buildings arranged to great functional effect and reinforces the visual character of the Bar U Ranch. The utilitarian design complements the overall character of the Ranch while its exterior appearance links it to other buildings on the site. The building's colour scheme (barn red walls and white trim) continues a tradition across the Prairies and matches other buildings on the site.

Edward Mills, Historic Bar U Ranch Headquarters, Longview, Alberta, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Building Report 92-017.

The Poultry Building (Building 21), Bar U Ranch, Longview, Alberta. Heritage Character Statement 92-017.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character defining elements of the Poultry Building should be respected, for example:

Its very good utilitarian design, simple construction and the low-tech nature of the construction materials and techniques as manifested in:

-Its simple structure.
-Its gable roof clad with shingles and topped by two small ventilation cupolas.
-Its light-frame construction on a concrete foundation.
-Its shiplap sheathing.
-Its twelve-light storm windows.
-Its west addition pole construction with vertical boards and battens.
-Widely spaced horizontal boards.
-Its east addition, simple lean-to of large poles and vertical board siding.
-Its shed roof.
-Its colour scheme.

The manner in which the Poultry Building as part of a cohesive complex of buildings, reinforces the visual character of the Bar U Ranch.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Classified Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type



Food Supply
Barn, Stable or Other Animal Housing

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




Related Places

General view of Bar U Ranch

Bar U Ranch National Historic Site of Canada

Bar U Ranch National Historic Site of Canada comprises 148.43 hectares of rangeland that constitute the original headquarters site of an Alberta cattle ranch established in the…


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