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Subway Block

885-889 Main Street, Moncton, New Brunswick, E1C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1996/09/23

Still a viable location for business, the Subway Block's south façade overlooks Main Street, Moncton.; Moncton Museum
The Subway Block - Southern Elevation - 2004
Erected in 1917 to keep up with the modern look of Moncton's downtown, the Subway Block housed many long-term offices and stores, such as Rodd's Drug Store.; Moncton Museum
The Subway Block - c.1926
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1917/01/01 to 1918/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/05/16

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Subway Block consists of a three-story, brick façade commercial building located at 885-889 Main Street in Moncton. It is situated on the north side of Main Street, just east of the Subway Structure, which crosses Main Street at Archibald Street.

Heritage Value

The Subway Block is designated as a Local Historic Place because of its Italianate storefront architecture and its historical significance to the development of downtown Moncton.

The Subway Block replaced a wooden structure in 1917 by the owner, George V. Steeves, and a second portion was completed in 1918. The intention was to create a better aesthetic and modern view for passengers passing by rail along the newly erected Subway Structure (1915).

The three-story brick building has an Italianate storefront façade, and there are numerous surviving decorative and original elements. For example in each store on the ground floor, some details from earlier businesses remain such as crown moulding and wooden trimmed display shelves.

The Subway Block has been designated as a Moncton Heritage Property under By-Law #Z-1102 in 1996.

Source: Moncton Museum, Moncton, New Brunswick - second floor files – “811 Main Street”.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements relating to location and context include:
- location in proximity to ICR Subway Structure.

The character-defining elements relating to the exterior include:
- the name “Subway Block” that appears both in a terra cotta nameplate near the roof and in a transom window over the easternmost doorway;
- pilasters between windows;
- dentilated stringcourse;
- corbel cornice;
- basket-weave fascia brick pattern in entablature;
- coffered panel brick detailing;
- wooden and brick pilasters between storefronts;
- symmetrical fenestration 1/1 rectangular spandrel windows;
- plain lug sills;
- dentilated entablature over storefront windows;
- original bulkheads, storefronts;
- entrance tiles.

The character-defining structural elements include:
- Italianate storefront façade;
- stretcher bond red brick;
- polygonal footprint as dictated by intersection of Intercolonial Railway and Main Street.

The character-defining elements relating to the interior include:
- crown moulding;
- wood trimmed display shelving.

- extensive wainscoting;
- newel posts;
- balustrade;
- original wooden office doors with three wooden panels, top hinged transom and glass panel;
- interior doors are framed with entablature;
- hardwood flooring;
- rows of wooden mailboxes;
- skylight.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Community Planning Act

Recognition Type

Local Register

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1915/01/01 to 1915/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type



Commerce / Commercial Services
Shop or Wholesale Establishment
Commerce / Commercial Services
Office or Office Building

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Moncton Museum, 20 Mountain Road, Moncton, New Brunswick - second Floor, back office files - filed by civic address

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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