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Staff Headquarters of the Royal 22 Regiment, former Hospital, Building 1

Québec, Quebec, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1993/06/29

General view of the Staff Headquarters of the Royal 22 Regiment, former Hospital, Building 1, 1980; Department of National Defence / Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1980.
Exterior Photo
Side view of the Staff Headquarters of the Royal 22 Regiment, former Hospital, Building 1 showing the Neoclassical details of the main entrance to the building, 1993.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, C. Rodriguez, 1993.
Side view
General view of the rear of the Staff Headquarters of the Royal 22 Regiment, former Hospital, Building 1, 1991.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, R. Godspeed, 1991.
General view

Other Name(s)

Staff Headquarters of the Royal 22 Regiment, former Hospital, Building 1
Staff Headquarters of the Royal 22 Regiment, former Hospital, Building 1
État-major du Royal 22e Régiment, ancien hôpital, bâtiment 1

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1848/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/08/04

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Former Hospital Administration Building is the principle structure in Mann’s Bastion. It is an attractive two-storey, rectangular, symmetrical stone structure with a hipped-roof pierced by two brick chimneys. The west-facing facade features restrained Neoclassical decorative detailing of pilaster strips supporting a flat cornice along the length of the five bay façade. Loopholes are visible on the second-floor on both sides of the building. The rear elevation facing into the bastion is functional and plain in appearance. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Former Hospital Administration Building is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations and architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
The Former Hospital Administration Building is a useful example of a structure associated with the theme of the defence of Canada from the military threat of the United States. The Former Hospital Administration Building is one of the oldest military hospital buildings in Canada. Its original construction, the subsequent economic benefits and the resulting influx of personnel had a significant impact on Quebec. It is currently the administrative centre of the Royal 22nd Regiment.

Architectural Value:
The Former Hospital Administration Building is an excellent example of a specialized defensive military structure adapted for use as a hospital. Features such as the bombproof walls illustrate the need to withstand bombardment; its specialized features, construction techniques and its use of materials express its very good functional design. It exhibits very good quality work and craftsmanship with solidly built interior spaces.

Environmental Value:
As an integral component of the Citadel of Quebec, the site of the Former Hospital Administration Building, though changed, has retained its character. The building reinforces the present character of the coastal defence and military setting of the Citadel and is well known to residents of the Citadel.

Sources:
Rhona Goodspeed, Québec Citadel, Québec, Québec. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 88-161
Ancien Hopital (batiment no.1), Etat-major du Royal 22e Regiment, La Citadelle, Québec. Heritage Character Statement 88-161

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Former Hospital Administration Building should be respected, for example:

Its functional military defence design and good quality materials and craftsmanship as evidenced in

-The simple, plain rectangular two-storey massing.
-The hipped roof pierced by two brick chimneys.
-The front elevation facing the citadel decorated by pilaster strips, and the flat cornice along the length of the five bay façade.
-The high quality of the limestone stonework.
-The loopholes and the regular, symmetrical windows.
-The functional, plain east elevation.
-The Neoclassical details of the main entrance to the building.
-The solidly built interior spaces, the five huge barrel vaults forming the ceiling of the second floor.

The manner in which the Former Hospital Administration Building reinforces the military character of the Citadel of Québec.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Classified Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1993/06/29

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Health and Research
Hospital or Other Health Care Institution
Defence
Military Defence Installation

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

3480

Status

Published

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General view

Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site of Canada

The Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site of Canada comprises a number of sites associated with the city of Québec’s historic defence systems. Its components are located…

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