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6th Street at Queen, New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1987/06/18

New Westminster Armoury, west facade.; (Department of National Defense / ministère de la Défense nationale, 1986.)
Side view
New Westminster Armoury, west tower.; (Department of National Defense / ministère de la Défense nationale, 1986.)
Corner View
No Image

Other Name(s)

New Westminster Armoury
Manège militaire de New Westminster

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/09/12

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Armoury in New Westminster is located on a sloping site within a mix of residential, small commercial, and public structures. It is a large, low-massed, rectangular structure with slightly projecting square towers. Large round-headed windows pierce its walls. The white painted, wooden construction conveys an image of sober simplicity. The main facades feature broad troop doors. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Armoury is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value:
The Armoury is closely associated with the 19th century volunteer militia movement. It is also associated with the Royal Westminster Regiment, a renowned militia unit, a member of which was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1944.

Architectural Value:
The Armoury is a very good example of a late 19th century armoury. It incorporates details, motifs, elements and shapes that are typical for this time period in west coast buildings. Its exterior exhibits Italianate, Romanesque revival influences. It is unique because armouries at this date were normally composed of brick and it is constructed entirely of wood.

Environmental Value:
The Armoury is compatible with its evolved setting of mixed-use commercial and residential buildings. It plays an important role as a familiar city landmark.

Robert Hunter, New Westminster Armoury, 6th Street and Queen’s Avenue, New Westminster, British Columbia. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 86-060; New Westminster Armoury, 6th Street and Queen’s Avenue, New Westminster, British Columbia. Heritage Character Statement 86-060.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Armoury should be respected.

Its simple, functional character with Italianate, Romanesque revival influences used for military purposes using good quality materials and craftsmanship, for example:
-the large, low massing with a gable roof;
-the long main façade symmetrically flanked by slightly projecting square towers and capped by steeply pitched, bellcast mansard roofs;
- the round arched windows that pierce the long flat walls at two levels;
- the regular grouping of the window openings;
-the spartan interior characterized by its large, open volume and the large cedar tie beams that span the hall.

The manner in which the Armoury is compatible with the adjacent mixed-use commercial and residential buildings and is a familiar community landmark as evidenced by:
-its large, but low massing which makes it compatible with its neighbouring residential area of late-19th century houses, parkland, and newer mixed use commercial and residential buildings;
-its distinctive appearance which makes it a familiar landmark in the community.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type


Armoury or Drill Hall


Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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