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Sargeants Mess / Jebbs Redoubt, Building 13

Québec, Quebec, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1993/06/29

Aerial view of the Sergeants Mess / Jebbs Redoubt, Building 13, 1980; Department of National Defence / Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1980.
Aerial view
Aerial view of the Sergeants Mess / Jebbs Redoubt, Building 13 (left, 1980.; Department of National Defence / Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1980.
Aerial view
Interior view of the Sargeants Mess / Jebbs Redoubt, Building 13, showing the limestone pier on the left supporting the vault which fans out from it and the entrance to the stairs to the roof, 1991.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, R. Godspeed, 1991.
Interior view

Other Name(s)

Sargeants Mess / Jebbs Redoubt, Building 13
Sargeant's Mess / Jebbs Redoubt, Building 13
Mess des sergents / Redoute Jebb, bâtiment 13

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1849/01/01 to 1850/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/09/19

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Jebb’s Redoubt is located in the north ditch of the Citadel, directly behind the North Ravelin in the Citadel of Quebec. Jebb’s Redoubt is a formidable looking two-storey polygonal, angled structure of solid masonry construction. Loopholes and windows pierce the walls, which rise smoothly above the terrace roof at the top of the building. Embrasures, or gun ports, break the parapet of the narrow eastern and western elevations. A door pierces the narrow eastern elevation and also the south side opposite the sallyport, or door, of the north curtain wall. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

Jebb’s Redoubt is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations and architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
Jebb’s Redoubt is one of the best examples of a structure built during the British period and associated with the theme of the defence of Canada from the threat of American invasion. It is the only redoubt built at the Citadel under the British. Its original construction, the subsequent economic benefits, and the resulting influx of personnel had a significant impact on the city of Quebec.

Architectural Value:
Jebb’s Redoubt is a very good example of a specialized defensive military structure integral to the Citadel of Quebec. It was built to protect the north ditch by means of artillery fire. Its shape reflects the site topography and the strategic requirements of the building. Its specialized features, solid construction techniques and its use of materials express its excellent functional design. It exhibits very good quality craftsmanship with solidly built interior spaces.

Environmental Value:
As an integral component of the Citadel of Quebec, although subject to change, the site of the Former Commissariat has retained its character. The Former Powder magazine reinforces the present character of the coastal defence and military setting of the Citadel and is well known to residents of the Citadel.

Rhona Goodspeed, Quebec Citadel, Quebec, Quebec. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 88-161
Jebb’s Redoubt, (Building No.13), Sergeant’s Mess, The Citadel, Quebec, Quebec.
Heritage Character Statement 88-161

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Former Commissariat should be respected, for example:

Its functional military defence design and good quality materials and craftsmanship as evidenced in

-The low, plain, polygonal massing and solid masonry construction.
-The flat roof and roof porch over the staircase from the interior.
-The parapet, and banquette, or stone bench, covered with metal siding.
-The embrasures over the narrow west and east elevations and the doors piercing the eastern and southern elevations.
-The interior brick vaulting, stone walls and cast iron mantelpiece.

The manner in which Jebb’s Redoubt reinforces the military character of the Citadel of Quebec.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Classified Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type


Military Support


Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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