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J. Angus MacLean Building

94 Great George Street, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, C1A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2004/05/18

94 Great George Street; Province of PEI, Brian Simpson, 2004
Showing round arch Italianate influenced windows
Engraving; Meacham's Illustrated Historical Atlas of PEI, 1880
Engraving of Union Bank Building
Photograph; PEI Public Archives and Records Office
Premier J. Angus MacLean

Other Name(s)

J. Angus MacLean Building
Union Bank Building

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/10/26

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The J. Angus MacLean Building was built in 1872 as the Union Bank Building. It is a three storey brick structure in the Italianate style with mansard roof. It was renamed in honour of former Premier J. Angus MacLean (1914-2000) in October 2002. It is prominently situated on historic Great George Street near Queen's Square in the centre of Charlottetown across from the Provincial Legislature. The designation includes the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Union Bank of PEI was one of the earliest banks to operate in the province. It is one of the best preserved examples of Italianate architecture in a public building in PEI.

The building is also evocative of important events in PEI history, such as the building of the PEI Railway and the financial difficulty this caused which was one of the contributing factors leading to the entry of PEI into Canadian Confederation in 1873.

The building of the PEI Railway in the 1870s left the bank cash strapped which led to its amalgamation with the Bank of Nova Scotia in 1883 and they operated it as a bank until 1921. The first telephone exchange in the province was established in the building in 1884 in the law offices of Palmer and MacLeod.

Source: PEI Heritage Advisory Committee Files

Character-Defining Elements

The following architectural features are integral to the heritage value of the building:

- the Italianate red brick construction
- the height of 3 storeys
- the mansard roof (topped originally with iron cresting)
- the compact and strongly defined windows framed by round arches
- the distinctive quoins on the 4 corners of the building



Prince Edward Island

Recognition Authority

Province of Prince Edward Island

Recognition Statute

Heritage Places Protection Act

Recognition Type

Designated Historic Place

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce

Function - Category and Type


Office or office building


Commerce / Commercial Services
Bank or Stock Exchange

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Source: PEI Heritage Advisory Committee Files

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




Related Places

Union Bank Building

Union Bank Building

The Union Bank Building is an Italianate influenced, three storey, brick public building located on the corner of Richmond Street and Great George Street, adjacent to Province…


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