Description of Historic Place
The Light Tower, situated at the entrance to Heart’s Content Harbour, is a cylindrical, cast-iron tower painted in red and white spiral stripes. Its profile is emphasized by the lantern cap, with its sculptural volumes and prominent weathervane. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Light Tower is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
The Light Tower illustrates the theme of navigational aids in Newfoundland when it was a British colony with an economy based almost solely on the sea. Its construction also illustrates the theme of growing industrialization around the turn of the 20th century.
The Light Tower is a very good example of a utilitarian structure constructed with cast-iron technology to an excellent functional design. It is one of approximately twenty-six lighthouses of prefabricated iron and steel construction, thought to be the only surviving examples of their type in Canada. Favoured because of their inexpensive cost, ease of erection, low maintenance requirements and long-term durability, these structures reflect the desire to achieve a design that would withstand the rigours of the Newfoundland coast.
The Light Tower reinforces the character of its maritime setting and is a familiar landmark to mariners in the region.
Sources: Joan Mattie, Six Newfoundland Lighthouses: Green point; Heart’s Content; King’s Cove Head; Little Denier Island; North Head; Brigus; Random Head, Newfoundland, Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 89-198, 89-199, 89-200, 89-201, 89-208, 89-211; Lighthouse: Heart’s Content, Bay Roberts, Newfoundland, Heritage Character Statement, 89-199.
The character-defining elements of the Light Tower should be respected.
Its utilitarian design, cast-iron construction technology, for example:
- the simple, well-proportioned massing of the tower which consists of a smooth tubular form composed of a base, shaft, lantern platform and lantern, sculpted cap and prominent weathervane;
- the cast-iron construction system, comprised of rounded rectangular segments bolted together on the interior face;
- the paint scheme of red and white spiral stripes, which speaks to the functional nature of the structure.
The manner in which the Light Tower reinforces the character of its maritime setting and is a familiar landmark, as evidenced by:
- its overall composition and appearance situated at the entrance to a harbour on the rugged, exposed Newfoundland coast;
- its high visibility to passing sea-going vessels.