Prime Minister's Residence
Résidence du premier ministre
24 Sussex Drive
24, promenade Sussex
Links and documents
1867/01/01 to 1868/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Prime Minister’s Residence at 24 Sussex Drive is a large stone house revealing a restrained, formal classicism whose details overlay earlier, more picturesque, features. It is set in large open grounds overlooking the Ottawa River. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Prime Minister’s Residence was designated a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its direct association with six prime ministers of Canada, its status as a nationally known landmark, and because of the impact of the house and its grounds on the character of the area.
During its first 75 years, 24 Sussex Drive was associated with three lumber barons of the area. By 1943, it was the last remaining private residence on Sussex Drive, in an area given over increasingly to foreign embassies and parkland. In 1949, it was expropriated by the Government of Canada and became the official residence of the prime minister.
Sources: Jacqueline Adell, Prime Minister’s Residence, Ottawa, Ontario, Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 85-067; Prime Minister’s Residence, Ottawa, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement, 85-067.
Key elements that define the heritage character of the Prime Minister’s Residence, include:
-the evolutionary nature of the property (modifications have substantially altered the original Gothic Revival design, first to a châteauesque appearance with towers, oriel windows and porte-cochère, and in 1949 to a more restrained and formal design);
-the present façades, relatively unadorned and tied together by the horizontal roof lines and rows of rectangular, shuttered windows;
-its major elevations and outstanding location;
-its circular drive–the site’s most significant surviving landscape feature–which connects the property to Sussex Drive;
-its magnificent views, further enhanced by its setting on the ceremonial route between the Governor General's residence and Parliament Hill;
-its role as an important symbolic and visual landmark.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Classified Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Joseph Merril Currier
Location of Supporting Documentation
Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Québec J8X 0B3
Cross-Reference to Collection