Agassiz Research Station, Building No. 13
Research Station Building 13
Station de recherches, bâtiment 13
Grange en pierre
Links and documents
1892/01/01 to 1911/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Situated within the City of Agassiz, British Colombia, the Agassiz Research Station, Building No. 13 consists of a large nineteenth-century cowbarn, maternity barn and silos. Section A, the main barn, features a byre second level and a loft covered by a saltbox roof. A large cupola is centered on the roof. Section B, a moderate timber, gambrel roof barn is attached to the west side. Additions erected in 1911 and in the 1960s include four silos. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Building No. 13 is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
The Building No. 13 is a very good example of early efforts by the federal government to promote agriculture, the science of agriculture, and particularly dairy farming, in Canada. Canada’s Experimental Farm system was begun in 1866 as a response to the country’s expanding agricultural needs.
The Building No. 13 is a good example of additive agricultural architecture. The massing and volumes of the various barn and silo elements create a typical composition for this type of architecture. The barn structures adhere to the tradition of large, heavy timber barns and the popularized Wisconsin Dairy barn which evolved in the eastern areas of North America in the 19th century.
The Building No. 13 reinforces the agricultural character of the research station, which includes the adjacent corral and surrounding landscape. It is a well known landmark within the city and region due to its status as the oldest extant barn at the Research Station, and its popularity as many visitors have frequented the grounds or attended memorable community events.
Sources: Building 13 (Research Station), Pacific Research Agri-Food Centre, Agassiz, British Columbia, Heritage Character Statement, 93-005; Edgar Tumak, Building 13 (Cow Barn Maternity and Silos), Agassiz Research Station, Agassiz, British Columbia, Federal Heritage Building Report, 93-005.
The following character-defining elements of the Building No. 13 should be respected:
Its additive agricultural architecture and very good quality craftsmanship and materials, for example:
-the larger component of the building, Section A, with its downward sweep of saltbox roof slope and large cupola that is visually grounded by the linear form and gabled roof of section B;
-the superior workmanship such as the byre walls, and superstructure framed by timbers, the uncoursed masonry and the mortise and tenon construction;
-the arrangement of windows and doorways.
The manner in which the Building No. 13 reinforces the agricultural setting and is an important local landmark, as evidenced by:
-the additive agricultural architecture of the building and its relationship to the adjacent corral and surrounding landscape;
-the grounds with park-like stands of trees, a well-known, traditional and popular destination for visitors and for community events.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Health and Research
- Research Facility
Architect / Designer
Chief Architect’s Branch- Department of Public Works
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection