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Fort Toulouse Archaeological Site - BjCf-02

Battery Provincial Park, St. Peter's, Nova Scotia, B0E, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1985/12/31

Ceramics from Fort Toulouse, Nova Scotia, Centimetre scale.; Parks Canada, 1985
Ceramics from Fort Toulouse
Plan of buildings to be constructed and of those already built at Port Toulouse, Nova Scotia, circa 1717; Library and Archives Canada/Maps, Plans and Charts 
collection/ Accession, C15697
Plan of Buildings, Fort Toulouse, circa 1717
Northern half of Fort facing north, fort site, Fort Toulouse, Nova Scotia, 1985.; Parks Canada 1985
Northern Half of Fort facing north

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/03/16

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Fort Toulouse Archaeological Site, Borden Number BjCf-02, first archaeologically surveyed in 1973, is situated within the boundaries of Battery Provincial Park, near St Peter's in Southwestern Cape Breton. The fort site occupies an open grassy area, which has apparently remained open in an otherwise heavily wooded setting, as a result of earlier occupation activities. The 6500 sq. meter site contains of the remains of a French fort, which existed from around 1715 until its destruction by the British in 1758. The property consists of the archaeological remains registered under Borden number BjCf-02.

Heritage Value

Fort Toulouse Archaeological Site is valued as a mostly undisturbed example of a French military facility that was established at the time the Acadians were moving into Cape Breton from mainland Nova Scotia, after the French loss of that area to the British in 1713. The fort was built to protect the village of the same name and the nearby short overland transportation route from the Atlantic to the Bras d'Or Lakes in the interior of Cape Breton. Occupying an open grassy area, which has apparently remained open in an otherwise heavily wooded setting as a result of earlier occupation activities, Fort Toulouse over looks both the village and approaches to the transportation route that it was built to protect. A study of artifacts found at Port Toulouse could provide a basis for comparison with those at Louisbourg and information about interaction between various French strategic points. Excavation of the Port Toulouse structures would contribute to knowledge of relatively simple, frontier-style military structures.

Source: Archaeological Investigations in Battery Provincial Park, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, 1985, Walla00002, Birgitta Linderoth Wallace, Staff Archaeologist, Parks Canada, Atlantic Region; Preliminary Report The Port Tolouse and Sand Hills Sites, Birgitta Linderoth Wallace, Staff Archaeologist, Environment Canada - Parks, Atlantic Region Office, Halifax.

Character-Defining Elements

The heritage value of the Fort Toulouse Archaeological Site resides in the following character-defining elements:
- the site in its undeveloped setting overlooking the remains of the Acadian village of Port Toulouse;
- those elements shown by archaeological excavation to be related to Fort Toulouse;
- those artifacts which are in storage; and
- any other yet-to-be identified features or artifacts related to the occupation of Fort Toulouse.



Nova Scotia

Recognition Authority

Province of Nova Scotia

Recognition Statute

Special Places Protection Act

Recognition Type

Special Place

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1715/01/01 to 1758/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Communications and Transportation
Governing Canada
Military and Defence

Function - Category and Type


Undetermined (archaeological site)
Buried Site


Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History, 1747 Summer Street, Halifax, NS B3H 3A6

Cross-Reference to Collection

Collections Unit, Nova Scotia Museum, Summer Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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