Home / Accueil

Hammond House National Historic Site of Canada

82 York Street, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1990/11/16

View of façade from the street.; Parks Canada / Parcs Canada, 2008
View of façade
Corner view of Hammond House, showing the façade with the main entrance.; Parks Canada Agency/ Agence Parcs Canada.
General view
No Image

Other Name(s)

Hammond House National Historic Site of Canada
Hammond House
Maison Hammond
Black House
Maison Black

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/05/23

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Hammond House National Historic Site of Canada is a large, Queen Anne Revival-style house located in a landscaped setting on the campus of Mount Allison University.

Heritage Value

Hammond House was designated a national historic site in 1990 because it was a particularly good example of the Queen Anne Revival Style as expressed in domestic architecture.

The heritage value of this site resides in its material expression of the fanciful forms, asymmetrical massing and polychromatic surfaces characteristic of the Queen Anne Revival, a style popular for residences during the 1870-1914 period.

The house was designed by Burke and Horwood, architects, and built in 1896 for artist John Hammond. The Hammond family first resided there in March 1897. Later it was taken over by Mount Allison University.

Sources: HSMBC Minutes, November 1990, November 1992.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of the site include:

- the varied, picturesque massing and the asymmetrical, picturesque composition of advancing and receding sections,
- the organization of exterior elevations in three distinct horizontal levels (ground, second storey and roof),
- the varied roofline with its ridges of increasing height and gables of increasing size, stepping towards the tower ,
- the symmetrical, three-bay facade of the main block, organized around a central, columned porch,
- the varied fenestration (bow, angled bay, Palladian, round-headed),
- the whimsical, eclectic use of historical architectural forms (arch, triangle, diamond, oval and bell) and details (classical porch pillars, balustrade, and tower),
- the generous use of polychromatic materials, each with different colour and surface textures
(variegated olive sandstone, wood clapboard, wood shingles, mixture of large and small-paned glass),
- the original interior plan with its central stair hall,
- the rich woodwork and decorative interior features ,
- original murals by John Hammond,
- the setting in park-like grounds.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1870/01/01 to 1914/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type



Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

Burke and Horwood



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




Related Places



Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Nearby Places