Port-Royal National Historic Site of Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Port-Royal National Historic Site of Canada consists of a group of wooden buildings within a stockade, erected as a historic reconstruction of an early 17th-century French fort. The habitation is located on the north shore of the Annapolis Basin opposite Goat Island.
Port-Royal was declared a national historic site to commemorate:
- the legacy of Port-Royal, French culture, commerce and colonization manifest in North America, 1605-1613,
- the experiences of Mi'kmaq and French colonists, 1605-1613
- the replica of the Habitation as a milestone in the Canadian heritage movement.
The heritage value of Port-Royal National Historic Site resides in the reconstructed buildings as an illustration of an early attempt at French colonization and as an example of an early twentieth-century approach to heritage conservation. Port-Royal National Historic Site was constructed in 1939.
Sources: HSMBC Minutes, 1994; Commemorative Integrity Statement, 1997.
Key features contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- the grouping of structures around an inner courtyard within a stockade,
- the rectangular, two-storey massing of the buildings with high peaked roofs,
- the design believed to be typical of 17th-century rural French architecture,
- the wooden construction materials,
- the craftsmanship and construction techniques replicating 17th-century rural French building techniques, including interior furnishings,
- the illustration of 17th-century functional arrangements through the spatial relationship of buildings and landscape features,
- the well, pathways and other man-made landscape features,
- the siting between mountains and shore on the north shore of the Annapolis Basin with sheltered anchorage opposite Goat Island,
- the viewplanes from the basin's entrance to the river mouth at the opposite end of the basin.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1605/01/01 to 1613/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
- Peopling the Land
Function - Category and Type
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Québec J8X 0B3
Cross-Reference to Collection
Port Royal Habitation
Prominent and highly visible, the Habitation is the dominant structure in Port Royal National Historic Site. It consists of six contiguous structures around a central courtyard …