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Medical Arts Building

1011, Ouellette Avenue, City of Windsor, Ontario, N9A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1989/01/03

A brass and glass canopy shelters the arched stone entrance, flanked by symbols of the caduceus.; City of Windsor, Planning Department
Medical Arts Building, entrance
This 1930 Art Deco commercial building was one of Windsor's first "tall" buildings.; City of Windsor, Planning Department
Medical Arts Building, facade
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Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/08/28

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Medical Arts Building is a seven-storey Art Deco style commercial building of limestone and brick built in 1930. It is prominently located on Ouellette Avenue, Windsor's main street.

It is recognized for its heritage value by the City of Windsor By-law 9634, 1989, which covers the building's exterior features and the first floor lobby and foyer.

Heritage Value

One of Windsor's first “tall” buildings, this seven-storey structure is an excellent example of the Art Deco style of the late 1920s and early 1930s. Characterized by classical symmetry and graceful lines, it was designed by J.R. Sculland of Windsor. The finely detailed limestone facade is crowned by an angular parapet and enhanced by three vertical bays and an arched stone entrance sheltered by a bronze and glass canopy. In keeping with the building's original use, the Corinthian pilasters flanking the entrance feature carvings of the traditional medical symbol of the caduceus, which also appears above the sixth-floor windows. As well, the building's name, “Medical Arts,” is carved above the second floor windows.

The interior lobby is handsomely decorated with marble and decorative plaster. The elevator, automated in 1999, was the last staff-operated elevator in Windsor.

The building is representative of the birthplace of the Windsor Medical Services, the first pre-paid medical plan in Canada and a forerunner of the Ontario Hospital Insurance Plan (OHIP). Dr. Freeman A. Brockenshire, one of Canada's best-known orthopaedic surgeons, moved his practice into the building in 1937. He chaired the committee that developed Windsor Medical Services, and was its first president when it began operating as an incorporated company in 1939.

Sources: City of Windsor By-law 9634, 1989; Building Analysis Form, January 22, 1996; and the City of Windsor Heritage Planner's files.

Character-Defining Elements

Key character defining elements that express the heritage value include its:
- classical symmetry and graceful lines
- finely detailed limestone facade, with brick side and rear walls
- three vertical bays on the street facade with the central bay (floors two through five) composed of tri-partite fenestration up to the sixth floor where stone trim culminates in a low arch with the symbol of the caduceus
- angular parapet crowning the facade
- elaborate arched stone entrance, flanked by carved symbols of the caduceus and sheltered by a bronze and glass canopy
- two round-headed windows in the seventh floor bay, which repeat the entrance shape.
- the incised name, “Medical Arts,” above the second floor windows
- three large prominent carvings of the caduceus on the facade
- its prominent location on Ouellette Avenue in central Windsor




Recognition Authority

Local Governments (ON)

Recognition Statute

Ontario Heritage Act

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type


Commerce / Commercial Services
Office or Office Building


Health and Research

Architect / Designer

J.R. Sculland



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Office of Heritage Planner, City of Windsor

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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