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Kingsbrae Arms

219 King Street, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, E5B, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2007/04/10

This photograph shows the front view of the building with 3 gabled roofs, 2007; Town of St. Andrews
Kingsbrae Arms - Front View
This photograph shows the entrance, the large portico supported by columns, as well as the sidelights and fan window, 2007; Town of St. Andrews
Kingsbrae Arms - Entrance
This photograph illustrates the rear view of the building and the spacious landscape, 2007.; Town of St. Andrews
Kingsbrae Arms - Rear View

Other Name(s)

Kingsbrae Arms

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/08/29

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Kingsbrae Arms is a 2 1/2-storey Queen Anne building with distinct gables on the front facade. It is located on King Street in St. Andrews.

Heritage Value

Kingsbrae Arms is designated a Local Historic Place for its architecture, for its association with noted Chinese authority, Florence Ayscough, and for its distiguished reputation as a hotel.

Kingsbrae Arms is recognized for its architecture. It is a good example of a Queen Anne residential building from the late 19th century in St. Andrews. It was built in 1897 for Thomas Wheelock. The building is distinguished by its high pitched gable roofs and asymmetry. The property is distinguished by the sweeping garden that overlooks the Bay of Fundy. It is one of many buildings that were built for wealthy summer residents who were attracted to St. Andrews near the beginning of the 20th Century.

Kingsbrae Arms is also recognized for its association with Florence Ayscough. Her father, Thomas Wheelock, lived in Shanghai, China for many years where he was a successful merchant. He owned a fleet of cargo boats which went to the mouth of the Yangtze to load and unload large foreign ships. The home was inherited by his daughter. She lived in Shanghai with her husband where she became an international authority on the customs and traditions of the Chinese people. Accurate translations of the meaning and spirit of Chinese poetry were provided in America by Florence Ayscough and poet Amy Lowell. Through the effort of both poet and translator Chinese poetry, mythology, and history became a source of inspiration for creative writers in the western world. She published many books on various Chinese subjects, most notably, "Firecracker Land – Pictures of the Chinese World for Younger Reader" (1932). She also brought Chinese servants to St. Andrews. Ayscough donated the St. Andrews Tea House to the town of St. Andrews and in her will she left the Charlotte County Historical Society Chinese porcelain, screens, tables, jade vases, and other artefacts which had been in this home.

Of a more recent heritage value, this property became the first 5 Star Hotel in the History of Canada. In 2004, Fodor's Travel Publications, America's market leader in travel information, listed it among the top 20 hotels in the world.

Source: St. Andrews Civic Trust - Charlotte County Archives, St. Andrews, NB

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements that describe Kingsbrae Arms include:
- 2 ½ asymmetrical massing;
- high pitched gabled roofs;
- portico;
- entrance with sidelights and fanlight;
- one-storey bay window;
- placement of windows in central façade.

The character-defining elements that describe the setting of the property include:
- 27 acres of salt air garden set high on the top of King Street.

The character-defining elements that describe the collection of artefacts relating to the original owners’ passion for the orient include:
- gilded artefact from a Chinese temple;
- pair of Chinese rosewood student chairs.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Local Historic Places Program

Recognition Type

Municipal Register of Local Historic Places

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Philosophy and Spirituality
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Developing Economies
Communications and Transportation
Building Social and Community Life
Education and Social Well-Being

Function - Category and Type


Commerce / Commercial Services
Hotel, Motel or Inn


Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer



David Roberts

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Charlotte County Archives, 123 Frederick Street, St. Andrews, NB

Cross-Reference to Collection

Charlotte County Historical Society

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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