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Salvation Army Temple

301 East Hastings Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1994/11/21

301 East Hastings Street, Salvation Army Temple; City of Vancouver 2004
front facade
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Other Name(s)

Salvation Army Temple
Gold Buddha Monastery

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/01/15

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Salvation Army Temple at 301 East Hastings Street is a two-storey Moderne style building at the northeast corner of Gore Avenue and East Hastings Street in Vancouver.

Heritage Value

The value of this building lies in its connection with the Salvation Army. The Salvation Army began in Vancouver in 1887, with four women known as the 'Hallelujah Lassies'. The Salvation Army Provincial Headquarters, including barracks and provincial offices for BC, Alaska, and the Yukon, were located at this site, with Major Frank Morris in charge. The Salvation Army has a long history of social work, providing care and shelter for those in need, and establishing food banks, rescue missions, and thrift shops.

Built in 1949 to a design by architects Mercer and Mercer, this temple is an eclectic Moderne-style structure. Andrew Mercer was socially conscious and supported a number of charities, including the Salvation Army and the Red Cross, by donating his design services. He likely donated his time to design this new building, which developed as a place of assembly with several functions. It was also the district headquarters. Lower floor rooms included a small auditorium, young people's assembly room, classrooms, gymnasium, library and kitchen. Main floor spaces included a songsters' room, band room, women's auxiliary, corps offices, mothers' room, and a large main auditorium with platform. When the Salvation Army made the decision to move out of Vancouver’s downtown eastside core, the building was sold to the Gold Buddha Monastery, which occupied the building from 1985 to 1993. This use by an Oriental religious group mirrors the changing demographics of this area, as the population is now overwhelmingly of Oriental origin.

The building is also of significance as an example of an institutional building in the Moderne style, a rarity in an older and unplanned streetscape. However, the building site contributes to the diversity of the historic area due to its age, historic use, and style.

Source: City of Vancouver Heritage Conservation Program

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Salvation Army Temple include:
- form and massing
- its corner location
- Moderne style architectural elements, including steel column with concrete pier structure, painted, poured-in-place concrete facade, beveled exterior corners and notched buttresses, metal windows, fluted concrete panels, and original exterior light fixtures



British Columbia

Recognition Authority

City of Vancouver

Recognition Statute

Vancouver Charter, s.582

Recognition Type

Community Heritage Register

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations

Function - Category and Type



Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer

Mercer and Mercer



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of Vancouver Heritage Conservation Program

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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