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Masonic Temple

986, Ouellette Avenue, City of Windsor, Ontario, N9A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1994/11/04

The 3-storey Neo-Classical Revival style red brick Masonic Temple features fluted stone pilasters.; City of Windsor, Nancy Morand
Masonic Temple, west and south facades, 2000
Ashlar stone veneer covers most of the first floor on the front facade.; City of Windsor, Nancy Morand, 2000
Masonic Temple Ouellette Avenue facade 2000
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1921/01/01 to 1922/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/01/16

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Masonic Temple is a large, three-storey, red brick Neo-Classical Revival style building with contrasting limestone trim. Completed in 1922 and located on Windsor's main street (Ouellette Avenue) in the city core.

It has been recognized for its heritage value by the City of Windsor By-law 11786, 1994.

Heritage Value

Prominently sited at a major intersection (Ouellette Avenue and Erie Street) in the city core, the building's imposing proportions; generous setback and longevity of operations have given it local landmark status.

The Masonic Temple represents a long history of the Masonic Order in the Windsor-Detroit area dating back to 1794, and it exemplifies the continuing role of fraternal societies in the cultural and social life of Windsor. Numerous members of the lodge have held influential positions in the Windsor area.

The Masonic Temple was designed by James Carlisle Pennington, a highly regarded local architect. Constructed in 1921-22, it was the first permanent facility for the Masonic Fraternity of the Border Cities. It still functions as a meeting place for Freemasons, as well as hosting banquets, weddings and concerts.

Designed by Pennington and built by Muxlow and Gale Construction Company, this fine Neo-Classical Revival style building displays characteristic rhythmical symmetry and classical elements intended to suggest antiquity and permanence. The main façade features eight fluted stone pilasters with simple capitals. Topped with decorative stone roundels, the columns rise two storeys above the ground floor. Ashlar stone veneer covers most of the first floor on the front façade. The three wooden front doors are adorned with triangular stone pediments, and stone belt courses divide the building into three distinct horizontal compartments. The fenestration is restrained, with emphasis on the second floor round-headed windows, which feature keystones and radiating brick voussoirs around ornamental semi-circular panels.

Sources: City of Windsor By-law 11786, 1994; Building Analysis Form, June 22, 1993; and City of Windsor Heritage Planner's files.

Character-Defining Elements

Character defining elements that express the heritage value include its:
- three storey symmetrical design in contrasting dark red brick (set in ornamental pattern) and stone materials
- eight fluted two-storey stone pilasters on the main façades with simple capitals
- decorative stone roundels above the pilasters
- three central wooden front doors surmounted by triangular stone pediments with classical egg-and-dart moulding
- seven second-floor round-headed windows on the front façade, with keystones and radiating brick voussoirs around ornamental semi-circular panels
- stone belt courses between the first and second floors, the third floor and attic, and the attic and parapet
- incised key pattern on the first belt course
- solid, symmetrical design and large size
- contrasting dark red brick and stone materials
- prominent siting in the city core with a landscaped setback on Ouellette Avenue.




Recognition Authority

Local Governments (ON)

Recognition Statute

Ontario Heritage Act

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations

Function - Category and Type



Social, Benevolent or Fraternal Club

Architect / Designer

James Carlisle Pennington


Muxlow and Gale Construction Company

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Office of Heritage Planner, City of Windsor

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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